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陈佩斯: 某些著名小品以糟践残疾人和侮辱别人的生理、智力为乐趣
作者:USMedEdu
发表时间:2008-12-11
更新时间:2008-12-11
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陈佩斯暗讽赵本山小品低俗:价值观出问题

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一亿新闻 2008-12-11 09:04:59

虽然陈佩斯并未直接点名,但他的言论被网友与赵本山的《卖拐》系列小品联系在一起。把骗、被骗当做可笑,把骗人成功当做胜利,这说明全社会在道德判断和价值判断上出现问题了。


1984年央视春晚,火了陈佩斯和朱时茂这对“黄金搭档”。时隔多年,仍有不少人记得他们当年的小品《吃面条》。随后,陈佩斯和朱时茂也成了央视春晚的常客。但在2000年以后,陈佩斯和他的光头、幽默就再难在央视春晚上见到了。

  近几年,陈佩斯的公开演出越来越少,幕后创作却越来越多,他一直无法割舍对小品的感情。昨日,在《凤凰网·非常道》之《印记三十年》系列节目中,陈佩斯直言当前国内的小品创作“惨不忍睹”,某些著名小品,以糟践残疾人和侮辱别人的生理、智力为乐趣。此言一出,不少网友便将这与赵本山的《卖拐》系列联系在一起。

炮轰现状“全社会的价值判断出问题了”

  现在语言类节目在春晚的比重很大,虽然热闹,但陈佩斯表示自己并不会去看,因为现在的小品已经“惨不忍睹”了,“他们没有拿出时间,他们也抽不出时间来去做小品。”陈佩斯直指当前某些著名小品,以糟践残疾人和侮辱别人的生理、智力为乐趣,而这些只是先秦时期、奴隶社会俳优和侏儒用自己的残缺来取悦统治者的戏剧形式。



  “但是,喜剧存在一个价值的判断,一个道德的判断,这个存在于喜剧的艺术形式和观众之间,其实它都有这种相互的价值和道德准则在里面,”陈佩斯说,“现代戏剧都有200多年的历史了,我们还用这种简单的手段取悦于人,当我们全社会都能容忍它的时候,说明我们全社会的价值判断也出了问题了。把骗、被骗当做可笑,把骗人成功当做胜利,这只能说明全社会在道德判断和价值判断上出现问题了。”

  坦陈心迹“追求艺术的道路上很寂寞”

  2000年后,陈佩斯不再参加央视春晚,他承认退出春晚是因为创作理念发生矛盾。即便是此前这种矛盾也存在,但为了观众,他和朱时茂装了好几年的孙子,“你不装孙子不行,不是说你跟春晚剧组那儿装孙子,而是我在观众面前必须装孙子。这特痛苦,为什么?为了他们,我必须遭这份罪,然后再去创作,最后把节目演出来。”

  退出春晚后,陈佩斯的公开演出越来越少,也没赚多少钱。不过看着其他演员、明星四处走穴,拍影视剧,他并不眼红,反而庆幸自己自由了,有足够的时间创作剧本,“我比去年在文学上又有很长足的进步,这个是花钱买不来的。”

  “但是在业务上非常寂寞,在我追求艺术的道路上,很寂寞,”陈佩斯有点感慨,“因为走得太远了,确实很寂寞;不光是我,所有走到这一步的人都很寂寞。”

  “我给自己起了个艺名,叫‘二’!我这个人就是‘二’,跟我演的个体户陈小二一模一样!”陈佩斯这样调侃自己。

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1   [USMcdEdu 于 2011-02-07 20:52:39 提到] [FROM: 199.]
发信人: USMedEdu (US_CMGs), 信区: Biology
标 题: Re: 生活是美丽的。
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Thu Jan 27 18:13:03 2011, 美东)

Terra Firma — A Journey from Migrant Farm Labor
to Neurosurgery

Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, M.D.

http://content.nejm.org/cgi/reprint/357/6/529.pdf
“You will spend the rest of
your life working in the
fields,” my cousin told me when
I arrived in the United States in
the mid-1980s. This fate indeed
appeared likely: a 19-
year-old illegal migrant
farm worker, I
had no English language
skills and no
dependable means of
support. I had grown
up in a small Mexican
farming community,
where I began
working at my father’s
gas station at
the age of 5. Our
family was poor, and
we were subject to the diseases
of poverty: my earliest memory
is of my infant sister’s death
from diarrhea when I was 3 years
old. But my parents worked long
hours and had always made
enough money to feed us, until
an economic crisis hit our country
in the 1970s. Then they could
no longer support the family,
and although I trained to be a
teacher, I could not put enough
food on the table either.
Desperate for a livable income,
I packed my few belongings
and, with $65 in my pocket,
crossed the U.S. border illegally.
The first time I hopped the fence
into California, I was caught
and sent back to Mexico, but I
tried again and succeeded. I am
not condoning illegal immigration;
honestly, at the time, the
law was far from the front of my
mind. I was merely responding
to the dream of a better life, the
hope of escaping poverty so that
one day I could return home triumphant.
Reality, however, posed
a stark contrast to the dream. I
spent long days in the fields picking
fruits and vegetables, sleeping
under leaky camper shells,
eating anything I could get, with
hands bloodied from pulling
weeds — the very same hands
that today perform brain surgery.
My days as a farm worker
taught me a great deal about
economics, politics, and society.
I learned that being illegal and
poor in a foreign country could
be more painful than any poverty
I had previously experienced.
I learned that our society sometimes
treats us differently depending
on the places we have
been and the education we have
obtained. When my cousin told
me I would never escape that life
of poverty, I became determined
to prove him wrong. I took night
Copyright © 2007 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.
Downloaded from www.nejm.org at THE OHIO STATE UNIV on August 26, 2007 .
PERSPECTIVE
n engl j med 357;6 www.nejm.org august 9, 200530 7
jobs as a janitor and subsequently
as a welder that allowed me to
attend a community college where
I could learn English.
In 1989, while I was working
for a railroad company as a welder
and high-pressure valve specialist,
I had an accident that
caused me to reevaluate my life
once again. I fell into a tank car
that was used to carry liquefied
petroleum gas. My father was
working at the same company.
Hearing a coworker’s cry for help,
he tried to get into the tank; fortunately,
someone stopped him. It
was my brother-in-law, Ramon,
who climbed in and saved my
life. He was taken out of the
tank unconscious but regained
consciousness quickly. By the time
I was rescued, my heart rate had
slowed almost to zero, but I was
resuscitated in time. When I
awoke, I saw a person dressed all
in white and was flooded with a
sense of security, confidence, and
protection, knowing that a doctor
was taking care of me. Although
it was clear to me that our
poverty and inability to speak English
usually translated into suboptimal
health care for my community,
the moment I saw this
physician at my bedside, I felt I
had reached terra firma, that I had
a guardian.
After community college, I was
accepted at the University of California,
Berkeley, where a combination
of excellent mentorship,
scholarships, and my own passion
for math and science led me to
research in the neurosciences. One
of my mentors there convinced
me, despite my skepticism, that
I could go anywhere I wanted for
medical school. Thanks to such
support and encouragement, I
eventually went to Harvard Medical
School. As I pursued my own
education, I became increasingly
aware of the need and responsibility
we have to educate our country’s
poor.
It is no secret that minority
communities have the highest
dropout rates and the lowest
educational achievement levels
in the country. The pathway to
higher education and professional
training programs is not
“primed” for minority students.
In 1994, when I started medical
school, members of minority
groups made up about 18% of
the U.S. population but accounted
for only 3.7% of the faculty in
U.S. medical schools. I was very
fortunate to find outstanding
minority role models, but though
their quality was high, their numbers
were low.
Given my background, perhaps
it is not surprising that I
did not discover the field of neurosurgery
until I was a medical
student. I vividly remember when,
in my third year of medical
school, I first witnessed neurosurgeons
peeling back the dura
and exposing a real, live, throbbing
human brain. I recall feeling
absolute awe and humility —
and an immediate and deep
recognition of the intimacy between
a patient and a doctor.
That year, one of my professors
strongly encouraged me to
go into primary care, arguing
that it was the best way for me
to serve my Hispanic immigrant
community. Although I had initially
intended to return to Mexico
triumphant, I had since fallen
in love with this country, and
I soon found myself immersed
in and committed to the betterment
of U.S. society. With my
sights set on neurosurgery after
medical school, I followed my
heart and instincts and have tried
to contribute to my community
and the larger society in my own
way. I see a career in academic
medicine as an opportunity not
only to improve our understanding
and treatment of human diseases
but also to provide leadership
within medicine and support
to future scientists, medical students,
and physician scientists
from minority and nonminority
groups alike.
Terra Firma — A Journey from Migrant Farm Labor to Neurosurgery
Copyright © 2007 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.
Downloaded from www.nejm.org at THE OHIO STATE UNIV on August 26, 2007 .
n engl j med 357;6 www.nejm.org august 9, 2007
PERSPECTIVE
531
My grandmother was the medicine
woman in the small town in
rural Mexico where I grew up.
As I have gotten older, I have
come to recognize the crucial
role she played not only in instilling
in me the value of healing
but also in determining the
fate and future of others. She was
my first role model, and throughout
my life I have depended on
the help of my mentors in pursuing
my dreams. Like many other
illegal immigrants, I arrived in
the United States able only to
contemplate those dreams — I
was not at that point on solid
ground. From the fields of the
San Joaquin Valley in California
to the field of neurosurgery, it
has been quite a journey. Today,
as a neurosurgeon and researcher,
I am taking part in the larger
journey of medicine, both caring
for patients and conducting
clinical and translational research
on brain cancer that I hope will
lead to innovative ways of fighting
devastating disease. And as
a citizen of the United States, I am
also participating in the great
journey of this country. For immigrants
like me, this voyage still
means the pursuit of a better
life — and the opportunity to
give back to society.
An interview with Dr. Quiñones-Hinojosa
can be heard at www.nejm.org.
Dr. Quiñones-Hinojosa is an assistant professor
of neurosurgery and oncology and
director of the brain-tumor stem-cell laboratory
at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine,
Baltimore, and director of the braintumor
program at the Johns Hopkins
Bayview campus.
Copyright © 2007 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Terra Firma — A Journey from Migrant Farm Labor to Neurosurgery
Pay for Performance, Version 2.0?
Thomas H. Lee, M.D.
“Old wine in a new bottle.” “A
financial gamble.” “An early
glimpse of the next generation of
pay for performance.” All these
appraisals have been applied to
Geisinger Health System’s new approach
to elective coronary-artery
bypass grafting (CABG), which
has been described with words
rarely invoked in health care, such
as “promise” and “guarantee.”
Geisinger, an integrated health
care delivery system in northeastern
Pennsylvania, promises
that 40 key processes will be
completed for every patient who
undergoes elective CABG — even
though several of the “benchmarks”
are to be reached before
or after hospitalization. And although
Geisinger cannot guarantee
good clinical outcomes, it
charges a standard flat rate that
covers care for related complications
during the 90 days after
surgery.
As a member of Geisinger’s
board of directors, I have watched
this program evolve over the past
year, and I see truth in all three
of the above assessments. Many
of the core components of the
program are familiar, but this
sort of application of those components
represents a foray into
the unknown. Since a front-page
article in the New York Times on
May 17, 2007, drew national attention
to the Geisinger program,
other hospitals have been
watching closely and wondering
whether they, too, should go
down this road. Those who examine
it closely will quickly discover
that the program is less
about cardiac surgery than about
the search for an alternative to
traditional fee-for-service care.
The basic concept is far from
radical. The seven cardiac surgeons
in the Geisinger delivery
system agreed on 40 processes
that should be completed during
the care of every patient undergoing
elective CABG. Most of
the “Proven Care Benchmarks”
come directly from guidelines
established by the American College
of Cardiology and the American
Heart Association (ACC–AHA)
(see box). These steps (such as
the administration of preoperative
antibiotics at a specified time)
are prominent in the critical pathways
in use for cardiac surgery
at many other hospitals.
The list does not force the surgeons
to practice “cookbook medicine.”
For example, they do not
necessarily have to use epiaortic
echocardiography to screen for
atheromata before manipulating
the aorta. But the protocol requires
that they consider this test
and document the reason if they
decide not to use it.
Closer inspection reveals some
other items on the list that would
be new to most critical pathways
for CABG. The first benchmark
that must be documented is a
statement of the indication for
CABG according to the ACC–AHA
guidelines.1 These guidelines de-
Copyright © 2007 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.

Downloaded from www.nejm.org at THE OHIO STATE UNIV on August 26, 2007 .
--
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