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转一篇jh123大侠发的文章,比较有现实意义。
[版面:舞刀弄枪][首篇作者:noghsot] , 2021年06月27日01:51:05 ,439次阅读,3次回复
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noghsot
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发信人: noghsot (noghsot), 信区: GunsAndGears
标  题: 转一篇jh123大侠发的文章,比较有现实意义。
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Sun Jun 27 01:51:05 2021, 美东)

Active Killer Response for the Armed Citizen
by Greg Ellifritz

On January 8, 2011 Jared Loughner shot 20 people in the parking lot of an
Arizona grocery store. In law enforcement terminology, this type of crime is
called an "Active Shooter" or "Active Killer" event. In this kind of
incident, one or more shooters are trying to kill as many people as possible
. The shooters may or may not be politically motivated. Most of these events
last only a few minutes and end up with the shooter(s) dead, often
committing suicide shortly after encountering any form of resistance. The
most common locations where these events take place are churches, schools,
the shooter’s workplace, and public shopping areas.

This isn't a new phenomenon. The readers might remember Charles Whitman and
the Texas Tower incident in the 1960s. While active shooting events aren't
new, there seems to be an increase in their frequency of late.

Most people don't consider how alone they really are if they get caught in
the midst of one of these shootings. Statistically, most are over in less
than four minutes. Unless there is already a cop at the scene, there won't
be time for one to arrive. Police response has been, with a couple of
exceptions, relatively inconsequential in past active shooter incidents.
They arrive in time to clean up the mess.

Of the incidents that were stopped by people at the scene (as opposed to
incidents where the shooter was not resisted in any way) 2/3 of the shooters
were stopped by citizens, not cops. And in half of those cases the citizens
were unarmed! Just like what happened in Arizona, a few citizens with
incredible courage jumped on the shooter and stopped his rampage.

If you find yourself at the scene of an active shooter event, there are lots
of things to consider. While this list isn't comprehensive, it does provide
some food for thought.

Do I engage or not? This is the big decision. Just because you are carrying
a gun doesn't mean you have a duty to protect everyone. It will almost
always be safer for you to escape without shooting. If you engage, many
negative consequences can result. It's a decision you have to make in
advance and it isn't an easy one. Do I get out safely or do I risk my life
to save others? Tough call.

Firearms - This is truly a "come as you are" event. I know many of people
who carry long guns and a bunch of ammo in their cars to handle an active
shooter. I hate to break it to you, but it isn't likely to happen. Look
again at the time frames involved. These events are over quickly. You just
won't have time to get the zombie-killing AR-15 out of your trunk.

That means you have to solve the problem with whatever you have on your
person. How many of you carry a little .380 or .38 snub? Do you want to get
into an active shooter gunfight with that weapon? Realize that shots may be
long and there will be lots of innocent people running around the shooter in
a panic. There may be more than one shooter. Can you make the shot with the
little .380 you threw in your back pocket because you were just going to
the grocery store? If you are going to be in this game you better have a
real gun. That means at least having a mid-sized (think Glock 26-sized or
bigger) all the time. Otherwise you are stacking the deck against yourself
before you even start.

If you do get caught with a mouse gun, work on getting as close to the
shooter as possible while keeping your gun hidden. Consider quickly moving
towards headshots. You need to put the guy down quickly and you probably don
't have a whole lot of rounds to spare.

At what distance can you guarantee a headshot with your carry gun? You need
to know. Put yourself on a shot timer. Set it for two seconds. Start with
the gun in hand, 10 feet from the target. Make the shot. If you make it in
the two-second time frame, move back five feet. Keep doing that until you
can't reliably hit your target in two seconds. That's your MAXIMAL
engagement distance. Realize you will have to close to that distance in an
active shooter event in order to make sure you don't hit any innocent people
. Most cops I train start missing shots around the 25 foot range. Do you
still want to engage knowing you'll have to run up within 25 feet of
somebody who's trying to kill everyone he sees?

Does this mean you should only shoot headshots? No, I'm not advocating that
at all. I think headshots are a great choice when using a smaller caliber
weapon that doesn't hold much ammo. If I have a full-sized gun with 8-15
rounds, I may shoot center mass. It really depends on the circumstances.
Either way, I use the same range standard. If you can make a two second
headshot on the range, you can probably make a two second center mass shot
at the same distance under the stress of someone shooting at you.

If you end up in a terrorist active shooter event with a small pistol, don't
forget about the idea of "battlefield pickup." Shoot one terrorist and take
his AK-47 (or whatever else he has) to shoot the rest of them. Any rifle is
a whole lot better than a .38 snub. You may also be able to get better
armament from a dead police officer if this is a longer engagement. Yes,
these tactics can cause some problems, but I'd rather deal with some legal
issues after the shooting than be killed because I couldn't make a 50-yard
shot with my .25 automatic.

If you are going to employ this strategy, you better know how to operate all
the guns you could possibly encounter. Get some friends who own guns that
you haven't seen and have them show you how they work. That knowledge may
save your life someday.

Tactics - This is a huge issue that really can't be adequately addressed in
the written format. Recognizing that, I will give you some of the more
important things to consider and leave it up to you to figure out how to
address them or to seek further training.

- How do I get to the shooter when everyone else is running away from him?
It's like swimming against the current. Do you have "people moving" skills
that can get you through the crowd?

- How do I conceal my gun when working my way to the shooter? If you don't
conceal it, you may be mistaken for the shooter by a cop or another CCW
permit holder. It's difficult balancing the competing needs of staying low
profile, yet ready at the same time. In the Arizona shooting, one of the men
who responded was armed. When he heard the shots being fired, he
unholstered his 9mm pistol, and put it in his pocket (with his hand still on
it) as he made his way to confront the shooter. That was a very smart move.
He had instant access to the gun, but no one else saw it.

- How can I make sure there isn't more than one shooter and what do I do if
there are multiple attackers? Some of these active shooters are terrorists.
They may have "handlers" or protectors watching the crowd for armed people.
Those handlers will remain low profile and they will wait until you pull
your gun and focus on the shooter. When you do that, they'll shoot you in
the back of the head. How do you prevent that?

- Do you have the patience and knowledge to exploit opportunities to act? In
many active shootings, the shooter is brought down when his gun
malfunctions or he is in the act of reloading. It may be smart to
immediately seek cover and wait to act until you see one of these
opportunities. Do you know what a malfunctioned gun looks like? Can you
recognize when a shooter is reloading?

- Get help! If you are in a physical confrontation with the shooter, try to
get as many people as possible to help you. Often, in times of intense
stress, bystanders freeze and don't know what to do. Sometimes a little
encouragement is all that is needed to spring them into action. As two men
tackled the Arizona shooter, they noticed he was trying to access a magazine
to reload even as they were fighting. The men yelled out to Patricia Maisch
, a 61-year old woman who was laying on the ground nearby. They told her to
take the magazine away from the shooter. Despite her advanced age and fear,
she did just that. In that single action, she did as much to incapacitate
the shooter as the brave men who wrestled him to the ground. Call out for
help. You just might get it!

How do I avoid getting shot by the police? This is a very real danger! As
you whip out your CCW gun and shoot the killer, a cop is arriving. He sees a
whole bunch of bodies and you holding a gun. What would you do if you were
in the cop's shoes?

If you choose to act, get your gun out of sight as soon as the threat is
neutralized. Holster it. Keep your hand on the gun if you think you need to,
but don't be in a high-profile shooting stance. Position "Sul" is useful
here too if the threat is still active.

It's much safer to have your weapon holstered by the time police arrive.

Another option is to keep the gun concealed in your hand as you seek cover.

You may have to deal with the shooter's gun as well. If you disarm the
shooter, the same rules apply. Get the gun out of sight as soon as possible!
Don't throw it away; there may be other shooters in the crowd who can use
it against you. Quickly make it safe and hide it. If you keep it out, people
will assume that you are the shooter.

Get to cover! Not only cover from the shooter you just dropped, but also
cover between you and the police! Start looking for the responding cops. Be
ready to drop your gun, show your hands and get down on the ground. Know
what is coming and follow the cops' orders quickly.

Yelling out that you are a CCW permit holder isn't likely to keep you from
being shot. People experience auditory exclusion under stress and simply don
't hear things well. Cops on the scene will be judging all of your actions
while attempting to figure out who you are. The person trying to help
victims isn't as likely to be mistaken for the shooter. Yelling things like
"Get down, he has a gun!" "Get away from him, he's still armed!" and "
Somebody call 911" are better than screaming that you have a CCW permit.

If you have family or friends with you, have them call 911. Make sure they
tell the police that you are the good guy and describe what you are wearing.
If the police know there are other good guys with guns on the scene before
they arrive, they will be looking for them. That may keep you from getting
shot.

Medical skills - After the shooting is over, there will be lots of injured
people who need help. Everyone should know how to treat battlefield injuries
. Paramedics will not be allowed to enter the scene until the police are
sure that there is no more danger. In a simple shooting, the gunshot victims
may be on their own for upwards of 15 minutes before the first wave of EMS
is allowed in. Some gunshot wounds can cause a person to bleed to death in
less than four minutes. Do the math. If you or someone you care about is a
victim, you'll want to be able to provide some basic trauma care until the
pros get there.
Battlefield trauma is different from the standard injuries most people see.
Uncontrolled bleeding is the leading cause of preventable battlefield death.
Worry about this first. Plug the holes! Grab whatever you can find, place
it over the wound and squeeze hard. If there is spurting arterial bleeding,
make a tourniquet and apply it 2-3 inches above the wound.

Battlefield first aid isn't hard. If you can stop bleeding with improvised
pressure dressings and tourniquets, patch a sucking chest wound, prevent a
tension pneumothorax, and know how to position a casualty to keep his airway
clear, you will save lives. There are training classes available. What I
described above can be learned in about four hours.

This article isn't a comprehensive review on active shooter strategy. What I
hope to do is to familiarize some of you with the issues and get you to
think about your response. Get some training and stay safe!

Greg Ellifritz is the full time firearms and defensive tactics training
officer for a central Ohio police department. He holds instructor or master
instructor certifications in more than 75 different weapon systems,
defensive tactics programs and police specialty areas. Greg has a master's
degree in Public Policy and Management and is an instructor for both the
Ohio Peace Officer's Training Academy and the Tactical Defense Institute.
For more information or to contact Greg, visit his training site at Active
Response Training.
--
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ratbutcher
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发信人: ratbutcher (每天时间2/3用于想钱,1/3用于赚钱.), 信区: GunsAndGears
标  题: Re: 转一篇jh123大侠发的文章,比较有现实意义。
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Sun Jun 27 10:11:34 2021, 美东)

就看了头和尾。说first aid不难就是饱汉不知饿汉饥。

【 在 noghsot 的大作中提到: 】
:
:Active Killer Response for the Armed Citizen
:by Greg Ellifritz
:
:On January 8, 2011 Jared Loughner shot 20 people in the parking lot of an
:Arizona grocery store. In law enforcement terminology, this type of crime
is called an "Active Shooter" or "Active Killer" event. In
this kind of
:incident, one or more shooters are trying to kill as many people as
possible. The shooters may or may not be politically motivated. Most of
these events last only a few minutes and end up with the shooter(s) dead,
often
:committing suicide shortly after encountering any form of resistance. The
:most common locations where these events take place are churches, schools,
:the shooter’s workplace, and public shopping areas.
:
:This isn't a new phenomenon. The readers might remember Charles Whitman
and the Texas Tower incident in the 1960s. While active shooting events
aren't

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alsome
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发信人: alsome (alsome), 信区: GunsAndGears
标  题: Re: 转一篇jh123大侠发的文章,比较有现实意义。
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Sun Jun 27 14:22:50 2021, 美东)

我是从头开始看了60%
写的很有道理啊,如果在那种情况下必须做英雄的话。
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jhe123
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发信人: jhe123 (jhe), 信区: GunsAndGears
标  题: Re: 转一篇jh123大侠发的文章,比较有现实意义。
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Mon Jun 28 12:40:01 2021, 美东)

大侠不敢当,只是有段时间特别注意和家防以及在外自卫有关的各种问题,看到自己觉
得好的文章就和其他枪友交流探讨提高。纯粹是纸上谈兵,呵呵。。。


【 在 noghsot (noghsot) 的大作中提到: 】
: Active Killer Response for the Armed Citizen
: by Greg Ellifritz
: On January 8, 2011 Jared Loughner shot 20 people in the parking lot of an
: Arizona grocery store. In law enforcement terminology, this type of crime
is
:  called an "Active Shooter" or "Active Killer" event. In this kind of
: incident, one or more shooters are trying to kill as many people as
possible
: . The shooters may or may not be politically motivated. Most of these
events
:  last only a few minutes and end up with the shooter(s) dead, often
: committing suicide shortly after encountering any form of resistance. The
: most common locations where these events take place are churches, schools,
: ...................



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