发信人: arya (死火山下), 信区: Medicine
标 题: Re: 42岁刚发现高血压，150/100，需要用药还是暂时以减肥节食
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Wed Nov 8 00:14:37 2017, 美东)
Reducing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with reduced
blood pressure: a prospective study among United States adults.
Chen L1, Caballero B, Mitchell DC, Loria C, Lin PH, Champagne CM, Elmer PJ,
Ard JD, Batch BC, Anderson CA, Appel LJ.
Circulation. 2010 Jul 27;122(4):e408.
Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been
associated with an elevated risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type II
diabetes mellitus. However, the effects of SSB consumption on blood
pressure (BP) are uncertain. The objective of this study was to determine
the relationship between changes in SSB consumption and changes in BP among
METHODS AND RESULTS:
This was a prospective analysis of 810 adults who participated in the
PREMIER Study (an 18-month behavioral intervention trial). BP and dietary
intake (by two 24-hour recalls) were measured at baseline and at 6 and 18
months. Mixed-effects models were applied to estimate the changes in BP in
responding to changes in SSB consumption. At baseline, mean SSB intake was 0
.9+/-1.0 servings per day (10.5+/-11.9 fl oz/d), and mean systolic BP/
diastolic BP was 134.9+/-9.6/84.8+/-4.2 mm Hg. After potential confounders
were controlled for, a reduction in SSB of 1 serving per day was associated
with a 1.8-mm Hg (95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 2.4) reduction in systolic
BP and 1.1-mm Hg (95% confidence interval, 0.7 to 1.4) reduction in
diastolic BP over 18 months. After additional adjustment for weight change
over the same period, a reduction in SSB intake was still significantly
associated with reductions in systolic and diastolic BPs (P<0.05). Reduced
intake of sugars was also significantly associated with reduced BP. No
association was found for diet beverage consumption or caffeine intake and
BP. These findings suggest that sugars may be the nutrients that contribute
to the observed association between SSB and BP.
Reduced consumption of SSB and sugars was significantly associated with
reduced BP. Reducing SSB and sugar consumption may be an important dietary
strategy to lower BP.
※ 修改:·arya 於 Nov 8 00:19:40 2017 修改本文·[FROM: 73.]
※ 来源:·WWW 未名空间站 网址：mitbbs.com 移动：在应用商店搜索未名空间·[FROM: 73.]