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罗斯顿的阑尾切除术不是用针刺镇痛麻醉
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发表时间:2009-06-10
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罗斯顿的阑尾切除术不是用针刺镇痛麻醉

送交者: 讲清真相 2009年06月10日11:38:55 于 [健康生活] 发送悄悄话

  罗斯顿的阑尾切除术不是用针刺镇痛麻醉

  在我国针灸界和中医界流传得比较广的一则关于针灸传入美国的传闻是这样
的:在尼克松访华团成员中,有一名随团记者,在中国患了阑尾炎,住进了中国
医院。中国医生在做阑尾切除术时,没有用麻药而是用了针刺镇痛麻醉,手术十
分成功。这位记者回美国后,在纽约时报发表了一篇文章,介绍自己的亲身经历,
从而引发了美国的针灸热。

  那么历史事实究竟是如何呢?

  事实是,在中美关系开始缓和后,尼克松总统访华之前的1971年7月,纽约
时报驻华盛顿记者站主任罗斯顿(James Reston)被派往中国采访。在北京参观了
很多单位,包括到中医院参观了针灸治疗。但在访问过程中不幸患了急性阑尾炎,
在中国医院接受了阑尾切除手术治疗。

  罗斯顿于1971年7月26日在纽约时报上发表了一篇纪实报道:《现在让我告
诉你们,我在北京的阑尾切除手术》。节译如下:

  为了纪念失去的阑尾而发表讣告,似乎有点荒唐,但正因为如此,我在过去
的十几天里有机会从内部了解到中国的一个重要医院的政治和业务发展情况。此
报道就是我的经历和见闻的记录。
  简而言之,我突然患了阑尾炎。中国总理周恩来请了11位在北京的医学权威
为我会诊,然后由反帝医院(原北京协和医院,译者注)的外科医生吴教授于7月
17日使用了常规的腹部局部麻醉法,注射了利多卡因和苯佐卡因后,为我做了阑
尾切除术。
  手术没有任何并发症,也没出现恶心和呕吐。整个手术过程中我一直处于清
醒状态。通过中国外交部的翻译,我在术中完全按照吴教授的要求去做,两个半
小时后就顺利回到了我的房间。
  可是,术后第二天晚上,我的腹部有种似痛非痛的难受感觉。该院针灸科的
李医生在征得我的同意后,用一种细长的针在我的右外肘和双膝下扎了三针,同
时用手捻针来刺激我的胃肠蠕动以减少腹压和胃胀气。
  针刺使我的肢体产生阵阵疼痛,但至少分散了我的腹部不适的感觉。同时李
医生又把两支燃烧着的像廉价雪茄烟式的草药艾卷放在我的腹部上方熏烤,并不
时地捻动一下我身上的针。
  这一切不过用了20分钟,当时我还在想,用这种方法治疗腹部胀气,是否有
点太复杂了,但是不到一小时,我的腹胀感觉明显减轻,而且以后再也没有复发。
  根据我得到的消息,最近来自中国关于针灸治愈失明、瘫痪及精神病的许多
报道曾经令美国方面推测中国人很可能在针灸和草药方面取得了新的重大突破。
但我并不知这些推测是否正确,我也没有资格做出这种判断。
  另一方面,有人讲,我所遭遇的意外事件,至少,我所遭遇的针灸经历,只
不过是记者使用的一个雕虫小技,以达到了解一下针刺麻醉的目的。这种说法虽
然并不是全无道理,但实在是对我的想像力、勇气和牺牲精神过于高估了。为了
搞到好新闻,我的确可以做出很多牺牲,但还不至于半夜里去开刀,或主动要去
当实验用的小白鼠。

  读了罗斯顿的纪实报道,觉得不但行文清爽、简洁,而且还幽默、风趣。更
重要的是,作者只是如实地记述了自己的见闻,对他自己不熟悉的医学、针灸没
有擅加评论,仅仅描述了事实,丝毫没有哗众取宠,制造耸闻。

  但是,说这篇文章引发了美国的针灸热,我想就连作者本人也不会预料的。
顺便提一下,罗斯顿采访过从罗斯福到布什等数届美国总统和周恩来、赫鲁晓夫
等各国领袖人物。他获得过多项新闻界的大奖,后来还当过纽约时报的副总裁。
罗斯顿于1995年去世。



力刀
Science-Based Medicine
Exploring issues and controversies in the relationship between science and
medicine

“Acupuncture Anesthesia”: A Proclamation from Chairman Mao (Part I)

Published by Kimball Atwood under Acupuncture, Medical Academia, Science
and the Media, Surgical Procedures comments: 8
James Reston’s Appendectomy


http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/?m=20090515



For many Americans, the current wave of public fascination with “complementary
and alternative medicine (CAM)” can be traced to a single event: New York
Times columnist James Reston’s appendectomy in China during the summer
of 1971, which Reston reported in an interesting and amusing article (http://
select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0D11FA395C1A7493C4AB178CD85F458785F9:
Now, About My Operation in Peking; Now, Let Me Tell You About My Appendectomy
in Peking...
Top of Form 1
AAAAAAAAAAA
Bottom of Form 1
By JAMES RESTONSpecial to The New York Times
July 26, 1971, Monday
Page 1, 2456 words
PEKING, July 25 -- There is something a little absurd about a man publishing
an obituary notice on his own appendix, but for the last 10 days this correspondent
has had a chance to learn a little about the professional and political
direction of a major Chinese hospital from the inside, and this is a report
on how I got there and what I found. ) on July 26 of that year. Many of those
who noticed the publicity following this event erroneously concluded that
Mr. Reston had undergone “acupuncture anesthesia.” A few years ago, a
Google search for “acupuncture and Reston” revealed that approximately
50% of the numerous “hits” reported this, as though it were an uncontroversial
fact. Other sources have suggested the same, but in veiled language. Here
are examples of each:
In the 1970s, interest in the procedure was sparked when New York Times
editor James Reston wrote an article about his experience with acupuncture.
Reston was covering Richard Nixon’s visit to China when Reston needed an
emergency appendectomy, and acupuncture was used as an anesthetic.─UPenn
News 1995
In 1972 President Nixon opened the doors to China. A New York Times journalist
James Reston was in China at the time and had an emergency appendectomy
with acupuncture used as the anesthetic.─American Acupuncture
[Acupuncture] made its official appearance in the U.S. in 1971 when an article
by J. Reston was published in the New York Times describing his personal
experience with acupuncture. While in Beijing reporting on a Ping-Pong tournament,
he underwent an emergency appendectomy. Acupuncture was used as surgical
anesthesia and to relieve post-operative pain. ─Center for the Healing
Arts, P.C.
The first US national media coverage concerning Acupuncture was in 1971
during President Nixon’s visit to China. There, visiting columnist James
Reston told of his emergency appendectomy performed under Acupuncture anesthesia.
─ AZ Multicare
When New York Times columnist James Reston underwent an appendectomy while
accompanying the Nixon entourage to Beijing in 1971, he wrote about a medical
discovery called “acupuncture anesthesia.” Eisenberg, David, with Thomas
Lee Wright: Encounters with Qi (p. 28)
About a month after his appendectomy, Reston did write about acupuncture
anesthesia─but not referring to his own operation.
Those who don’t report that Reston had acupuncture anesthesia are likely
to write, also erroneously, that his “intense post-operative pain was relieved
by acupuncture”:
In 1971, a journalist named James Reston was travelling in the People’s
Republic of China. He had received an emergency appendectomy and was suffering
from extreme post-surgical pain. To his surprise, acupuncture relieved the
pain.─ http://www.acupuncturehealingarts.com/pain.html
New York Times reporter James Reston’s account of how physicians in Beijing
eased his post-surgery abdominal pain with needles.─ http://www.nih.gov/news/
pr/nov97/od-05.htm
After the emergency operation was completed, Reston was in extreme discomfort
and pain. To give him relief, the Chinese doctors performed an ancient practice
of inserting needles into special areas of the skin to safely deaden the
pain. This is called acupuncture.─ http://www.school-for-champions.com/history/
acupuncture.htm
Reston wrote a front-page story in the Times─”an obituary to his appendix,”
as Eisenberg recalls it─that described how his intense postoperative pain
was relieved by acupuncture, an ancient technique of Chinese medicine then
unknown in the West. “This was an intellectual shot heard round the world,”
Eisenberg says. “It resulted in NIH sending teams of scientists and clinicians
to China to see if acupuncture anesthesia had any validity.”
The 17-year-old Harvard freshman was fascinated. “It was something out
of Star Trek─the idea that acupuncture needles could change pain sensations
in a human being was like magic,” Eisenberg recalls. (Harvard Magazine,
March/April 2002)
The “Intellectual Shot” was a Blank
What is the reality of Reston’s report and of “acupuncture anesthesia”
in general? The front-page article, “Now, About My Operation in Peking,”
appeared in the New York Times on July 26, 1971. Aside from the removal
of Reston’s appendix, the account is quite different from what is commonly
believed. There are only two passages pertaining to the anesthetic itself:
removed my appendix on July 17 after a normal injection of Xylocain and
Benzocain, which anesthetized the middle of my body.
and then pumped the area anesthetic by needle into my back.
Thus the anesthetic was a standard regional technique, most likely an
“epidural.” There is only one passage that pertains to the treatment of
Mr. Reston’s post-operative incisional pain:
I was back in my roomby 11 [PM]. The doctors came by to reassure megave
me an injection to relieve the pain
In other words, he got a standard injection of narcotic. This may have been
repeated, but he didn’t report this. Only during the following night, more
than 24 hours after the operation, did Mr. Reston have his brief encounter
with qi:
I was in considerable discomfort if not pain during the second night after
the operation, and Li Chang-yuan, doctor of acupuncture at the hospital,
with my approval, inserted three long, thin needles into the outer part
of my right elbow and below my knees and manipulated them in order to stimulate
them and relieve the pressure and distention of the stomach.
That sent ripples of pain racing through my limbs and, at least, had the
effect of diverting my attention from the distress in my stomach. Meanwhile,
Dr. Li lit two pieces of an herb called ai, which looked like the burning
stumps of a broken cheap cigar, and held them close to my abdomen while
occasionally twirling the needles into action.
All this took about 20 minutes, during which I remember thinking that it
was rather a complicated way to get rid of gas on the stomach, but there
was a noticeable relaxation of the pressure distension within an hour and
no recurrence of the problem thereafter.
So, at a time when his incisional pain was waning, Mr. Reston experienced
a “discomfort.” Not “pain,” not “severe,” not even “cramping”━descriptions
that are common in others’ accounts of the event, offering only the Times
article as a reference. The discomfort passed within an hour, during the
first 20 minutes of which Reston was needled and subjected to “moxibustion.”
We can’t be certain of the cause of the discomfort, but bowel distention
is a reasonable guess, and is consistent with its timing after the appendectomy.
If this had been the case, it would be surprising only if the discomfort
had not been transient. There is no need to invoke acupuncture in its resolution,
other than Reston’s reasonable suggestion that the pain from the needles
was, at first, a distraction.
Actual Accounts of Acupuncture Anesthesia
Wide-eyed Westerners have offered several extraordinary accounts of acupuncture
anesthesia. Dr. Eisenberg, in his book Encounters with Qi, reported having
observed a brain operation performed with acupuncture and moderate sedation,
and two thyroidectomies performed with acupuncture alone. He wrote that
the Chinese had explained to him that the first open-chest operation with
acupuncture had been performed in Liuzhou in 1957. He wrote that abdominal
and chest surgeries had originally required several acupuncturists and more
than 100 needles, but that over a period of a few years the number of needles
was markedly reduced, sometimes to only one. He reported that according
to Chinese sources, “acupuncture failed to give adequate pain relief in
20 to 30 percent of all abdominal, gynecological, or chest surgery.”
Typical of accounts by westerners, shortly after Nixon made his rapprochement
with China, was this one by E. Grey Dimond, published in JAMA in 1971:
This patient was a 40 year-old man with a large non-toxic adenoma of the
thyroid. On the night before surgery he had received at bedtime 400 mg of
meprobamate (Miltown). There were no preoperative medications. The patient
walked into the operating room, took off his pajama top, retaining the pants,
and stretched out on the operating table. One stainless steel acupuncture
needle was inserted in the extensor aspect of each forearm, at a point approximately
4 inches proximal to the wrist, at a depth of 1 to 11/4 inches, between
the radius and ulna. This point was carefully selected and identified as
the most effective for anesthesia in thyroid surgery. A small clip was attached
to the shaft of each needle and then connection made to a direct current
battery power unit delivering 9 volts at 105 cycles per minute. Details
of the wave form, current, or circuitry could not be supplied by the anesthetist.
An intravenous drip of 5% dextrose was begun and to it was added 50 mg
of meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol). Typing and crossmatching had been
done. During a 20-minute “induction” period surgical preparation and draping
were done. No other anesthetic agent was added. The patient remained fully
conscious and normally alert. He advised me, through the interpreter, that
he was noting numbness and tingling of both hands; no motor change occurred.
After 20 minutes surgery began and a skillful team moved rapidly through
the operating procedure. At one point the patient took a sip of water. A
large adenoma, approximately 2 cm by 3 cm in size, was removed and the wound
closed. The patient sat up, had a full glass of milk, held up his little
red book, and said in a firm voice: “Long live Chairman Mao and welcome
American doctors.” He then put on his pajama top, stepped to the floor,
and walked out of the operating room.
Isidore Rosenfeld, the grandfatherly cardiologist and health editor of Parade
magazine, reported having observed an open-heart operation in China in the
1970s. Several other American physicians accompanied him. The patient was
a 28-year-old woman. According to Dr. Rosenfeld, who took a photograph of
the patient during surgery, her only anesthetic had been a single acupuncture
needle in the right ear, connected to an electrical source. Dr. Rosenfeld
reported that she underwent repair of her mitral valve through a midline
sternal (breast bone) incision and remained awake throughout the procedure.
He also wrote that the patient had “no intravenous needle in her arm.”

Skeptic Gary Posner, an internist, read Rosenfeld’s account in the August
16, 1998 issue of Parade and immediately recognized a problem in physiology:
even if the patient had experienced no pain whatsoever, Star Trek style,
she wouldn’t have been able to breathe after her chest was opened because
of an inability to generate negative intrathoracic pressure. This phenomenon,
known as “flail chest,” would also have been a problem for the 1957 Liuzhou
patient reported by Eisenberg.
Posner and our fellow blogger Wally Sampson, the editor of the Scientific
Review of Alternative Medicine, offered a plausible explanation. Their examination
of Rosenfeld’s photograph suggested that the operation was not open-heart
surgery, but a “closed” mitral valve commissurotomy through a small subcostal
(below a rib) incision. This would have allowed the patient to breathe spontaneously,
while also requiring minimal analgesia.
But doesn’t acupuncture offer some analgesic or anesthetic effect that
can’t be explained by ordinary phenomena? One of the first accounts to
cast doubt on that assertion, and still the most rational early Western
assessment of “acupuncture anesthesia,” was that of cardiac surgeon Michael
DeBakey in The Reader’s Digest of September, 1973. After witnessing actual
open-heart surgery in Shanghai on a 21 year-old boy who “apparently had
been anesthetized with acupuncture needles,” DeBakey wrote that he was
as doubtful of [acupuncture’s] importance to medicine today as I was before
I visited China. It is understandable that many observers have been startled
by what they have seen of acupuncture. The sight of a fully conscious
“needled” patient submitting to a surgeon’s knife without flinching is
awe-inspiring. But, to a trained surgeon, the procedure is not so astonishing.

Dr. DeBakey explained that prior to the operation the patient was drowsy,
having been given phenobarbital and morphine. Several acupuncture needles
were then inserted in various places and connected to an electrical source,
which caused the patient’s muscles to twitch. The next step was more revealing:
But before the surgeon reached for his scalpel, he injected a local anesthetic
into the skin and tissues about the young man’s breastbone. Other members
of the surgical team said later that such locals were often used, because
otherwise patients felt the pain of the first surgical incision in their
skin. This was the only time I saw a local used before the initial incision.
If it was used in every operation, there would be no mystery to acupuncture
at all─it would be virtually identical to operations that we performed
routinely many years ago using only local anesthetics.
Although DeBakey didn’t make this point specifically, the infiltration
of local anesthetic explained not only the patient’s insensitivity to the
skin incision, but also to the splitting of the sternum: the description
suggests that the surgeon anesthetized the intercostal nerves, which would
have served to block all sternal sensation.
DeBakey’s account also provides an alternative explanation for the problem
of “flail” chest in an awake, spontaneously breathing patient undergoing
open-chest surgery: in this case the patient had cardiopulmonary bypass
accomplished via the “fem-fem” route. If this had begun prior to the chest
being opened, it would have provided adequate gas exchange for the patient
even in the absence of spontaneous ventilation. Although DeBakey reported
that the patient “actually talked occasionally to the anesthetist while
the heart was stopped,” the ability to make small tidal volumes─enough
to make soft utterances, but not to sustain adequate ventilation─would
not be surprising in this circumstance.
DeBakey also reported other facts of “acupuncture anesthesia” that were
later confirmed by others. Not only were most patients who underwent acupuncture
for surgery given sedatives, narcotics, and local anesthetics, but they
were a carefully selected group who “met very strict criteria.” DeBakey’
s hosts told him that “most people can’t take it” and that those even
willing to try ranged from only 7 to 30 percent of the population, depending
on the location. These percentages are remarkable in light of the intense
political and cultural pressure to showcase traditional Chinese medicine
that existed at that time, as will be discussed in Part II of this series.
This was Nothing New
As surprising as it may sound to the modern ear, it had been known for centuries
that a small percentage of people can undergo surgery or other typically
painful procedures, such as tooth extractions, with minimal or no apparent
pain. Melvin Gravitz, writing about hypnosis or ‘Mesmerism,’ cited numerous
such examples from the 19th and 20th centuries. Petr Skrabanek, writing
in Stalker and Glymour’s Examining Holistic Medicine, cited others that
were strikingly similar to the case reported above by Dimond:
Formal hypnosis, however, is not necessary. Parker operated on many patients
in China without any anesthesia (or acupuncture) and was astonished by their
apparent insensibility to pain. In 1843, he performed a mastectomy on a
patient, who, when the operation was over, “raised herself from the table
without assistance, jumped on the floor and made her bow to the gentlemen
present, in the Chinese style, and walked into another room as though nothing
had occurred.” Similar observations were made by other Western surgeons
in China, such as Lockhart, McPherson, and others. “The manner in which
they bear the pain of an operation is perfectly astounding,” wrote Gordon
in 1863, “a large proportion of those upon whom operations were performed
had no chloroformsome did not even clench their hands or teeth, but lay
upon the table perfectly motionless, while their muscles were being cut
by the knife and their bones divided by the saw.”
Next: An anesthesiologist’s perspective
***
The ‘Acupuncture Anesthesia’ series:
1. “Acupuncture Anesthesia”: A Proclamation from Chairman Mao (Part I)
2. “Acupuncture Anesthesia”: A Proclamation from Chairman Mao (Part II)
AAAAAAAA
8 Responses to ““Acupuncture Anesthesia”: A Proclamation from Chairman
Mao (Part I)”
# pickmeupon 15 May 2009 at 8:09 am
Really CAM can be traced back to a single event? I thought all of the current
interest had to with the failing healthcare system of the United States.
# Prometheuson 15 May 2009 at 12:43 pm
Forgive me if my medical knowledge is a bit weak, but is it realistic to
expect that even modern cardiopulmonary bypass would provide enough blood
flow to the brain to maintain consciousness? Let alone cardiopulmonary bypass
technology available in China in the 1970’s?
I ask this because several years ago I was involved in a study of the brain
response to lowered perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass. At the time
- the early 1990’s - patients were anesthetised not only to eliminate pain
but also because it reduced the oxygen demand by the brain to its lowest
possible level. Even so, patients often had “post-pump” changes in their
memory, reasoning and intellectual performance.
It seems incredible (in the sense of “not credible”) that “fem-fem”
bypass - which is less effective than intrathoracic bypass, or so I was
told - would be enough to maintain any level of consciousness.
Rather than trying to find a “natural” explanation for the observations,
we should consider the possibility that the Chinese government was actively
deceiving the Western visitors in order to support their use of acupuncture
and other “Traditional Chinese Medicine” remedies for “the masses” instead
of modern medicine.
Once you open your mind to the possibility of deliberate deceit, it becomes
much easier to explain.
Prometheus
# Joeon 16 May 2009 at 11:44 am
One can read Sampson’s and Posner’s take on Rosenfeld’s claims for heart
surgery under acupuncture here: http://www.csicop.org/si/9907/news.html
where it is suggested that he may have witnessed a sham operation.
Patrick Wall (MD) writes in his book “Pain” (Columbia U., 2000) about
witnessing 10 surgeries under “acupuncture anesthesia” in the 1970s. He
noted that the patients were all volunteers (most patients prefer drug-based
anesthesia) and were strictly prepared for the procedure; he likened it
to hypnosis. Narcotics and local anesthetics were used in 8 cases, making
it difficult to assess acupuncture. Of the 2 without adjunct drugs, one
woman had her femoral artery “explored and cannulated before the needling
started” [emphasis in original]. He took that to mean she was predisposed
to tolerate the ultimate surgery. The second, drugless patient came to his
senses shortly before the surgery was completed. Suffice it to say the end
of the procedure, with orderlies restraining the patient who was crying
in pain, was not nice.
Finally, there is Barry Beyerstein’s account of an operation in China throughout
which the patient babbled softly and the official interpreter translated
it as “that tickles ”. Afterwards, Barry’s own interpreter told him the
patient was begging them to stop the pain; but she was too drugged to really
defend herself. [Sorry, I don’t have a citation for that.]
# KBon 16 May 2009 at 2:26 pm
This article is interesting to me, because the same day it was posted I
went to a talk about acupuncture. The speaker’s very first point was that
in the 1970’s, James Reston wrote an article describing his emergency appendectomy
in China, where he received “general anesthesia” for the surgery and
“acupuncture alone for the post-operative pain.” I was surprised that
the speaker used the article in her talk without reading it. (Or reading
it carefully, at least.)
# Kimball Atwoodon 16 May 2009 at 2:52 pm
@Prometheus:
Very interesting points. First let me answer the last one: yes, it is necessary
to open one’s mind to the possibility of deliberate deceit, and the failure
to do so has clearly fooled at least some Westerners, as mentioned here
in regard to “Qi Gong Masters.” I can’t help but imagine, when I read
about ‘acupuncture anesthesia’ demonstrations, the patients having had
local anesthetics injected prior to appearing in the operating rooms─not
that this was necessarily the case.
Regarding consciousness during cardiopulmonary bypass: yes, it almost certainly
can occur, as evidenced by studies of intra-op awareness and/or recall in
cardiac surgery patients. Unfortunately I can’t find the citation in a
quick search, but during the 1980s I remember reading a report from Australia
in which an alarmingly large fraction (?15%) of patients who’d been anesthetized
with high-dose narcotics for open heart surgery had been able, during CPB,
to respond to a simple command such as “squeeze my fingers twice if you
can hear me”━although most did not recall this after surgery. A quick
PubMed search today gives this and this, although the latter does not clearly
demonstrate awareness during CPB per se.
Regarding blood flow during CPB, there is no question that it can be adequate
to maintain normal function of organs, including brain, that have high oxygen
requirements. The simple roller pumps that were probably used even in the
’70s in China were and are capable of flows much greater than usual cardiac
outputs, even via the fem-fem route. You are absolutely correct that post-pump
CNS impairment has been a problem, but it is usually not due to hypoperfusion.
Rather, it has been associated with gas emboli and debris emboli, clots
because of inadequate anticoagulation, and microaggregates of blood elements
even in the face of adequate anticoagulation─more common in the early years
when ‘bubble oxygenators’ were used, later to be replaced by membrane
oxygenators; all of which are presumed to result in microinfarcts. It’s
also associated with age, duration of CPB (probably by allowing more chance
for those bad things to occur, but possibly also by speculative mechanisms
such as the lack of pulsatile blood flow), and ‘activation of leukocytes,’
inflammatory states, endotoxin release from the gut, and more.
Regarding anesthesia to reduce brain oxygen demand during CPB, there was
a time when that was tried (usually via high doses of barbiturates or isoflurane
to abolish brain electrical activity), as you’ve written, but it was largely
experimental and as far as I know did not pan out (I haven’t done cardiac
anesthesia since the early ’90s; I welcome any reader who’s current in
the field to let us know). Cooling the body during CPB has also been used
for decades and reduces oxygen requirements of all tissues, including brain.
Its main rationale, however, is not to ‘protect’ brain per se, but to reduce
the necessary blood flows during CPB so as to limit damage caused by the
various factors already mentioned.
# Juleson 17 May 2009 at 1:18 am
In India it is fairly common for surgeons to perform open-heart surgery
while the patient is conscious. Supposedly it reduces their recovery time
and makes them feel better.
I’ve always been a little skeptical of these acupuncture claims━I mean,
I’ve known what a runner’s high can do for small amounts of pain, so it
sort of makes sense that acupuncture might offer some relief for minor aches
and pains (if it works at all). But major surgery? Yeahdope me up with fentanyl,
please.
# Acupuncture is Bogus (2) | JimmyTapon 18 May 2009 at 4:21 pm
[] Here is an article that thoroughly debunks the acupuncture as anesthesia
myth. []
# Science-Based Medicine “Acupuncture Anesthesia”: A Proclamation from
Chairman Mao (Part II)on 29 May 2009 at 1:00 am
[] the time of the burgeoning Western interest in acupuncture in the early
1970s, Dr. Bonica became the Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on []

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