发信人: youcc (麦地有喜), 信区: MedicalCareer
标 题: How to Develop a Good CV for Residency?(ZZ)
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Sun Jul 13 23:43:27 2008)
How Can I Develop a Good CV for Residency?
Ted R. Melnick, MD
How can I develop a good curriculum vitae (CV)? How important are areas such
as volunteer work, outside clinical work, hobbies, sports, foreign
Response from Ted R. Melnick, MD
Chief Resident, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of
Medicine, New York; House Staff, The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY
To develop a good curriculum vitae (CV), it is important to realize the
function it will have in the residency application process. Namely, your CV
is a tool for acquiring interviews and guiding the conversation during those
interviews. Understanding this functionality makes it imperative to focus
not only on the content, but also on a format that attracts and facilitates
Bear in mind that the audience reading your CV will be reviewing dozens, if
not hundreds, of other CVs. A bleary-eyed, busy physician may not give your
CV the time it deserves if it is not easy to read. You want to leave the
reader wanting more, not less. Ideally, the potential interviewer will want
to know more about an experience listed on your CV, prompting them to invite
you for an interview.
How is this done? Well, even though this may seem counterintuitive, the page
should have more blank space than text. Wall-to-wall print is overwhelming
and difficult to read. If you have a lot of accomplishments, that's great.
But be sure that the ones you are trying to highlight are not lost in a big
list. Don't include anything on your CV that you would not want to become
the main focus of an interview. This may mean removing some smaller
endeavors to emphasize more important achievements, which should pop off the
page and grab the reader's attention. Use bold, underlined, and italic
lettering in appropriate areas. Think of your CV as a list of talking points
for your interview.
In most cases, CVs are now submitted online through the Electronic Residency
Application Service (ERAS). This means that you must format your CV within
the confines of the ERAS format. You can familiarize yourself with this
format by using the MyERAS Application Worksheet or by asking someone who
has recently completed an ERAS application to share it with you. The ERAS
application is divided into these categories: Education, Experience (Work,
Research, or Volunteer), Publications, Languages, Hobbies and Interests,
Awards, Accomplishments, and Memberships in Honorary or Professional
Developing experiences within each of these categories will help you produce
a successful CV. Residency program directors will review it to determine
whether you will be a diligent resident, a good addition to their program,
and potentially even a leader in their field. When you are choosing how to
spend your limited extracurricular time in medical school, it may help to
think of the ERAS categories the way a program director would view them.
Imagine a program director going through this thought process:
* Education: Does the applicant's medical school have a history of
producing residents who have done well in our department or hospital?
* Experience: Has the applicant engaged in activities that will have
prepared him or her to be a diligent resident?
* Publications, awards, and accomplishments: Has the applicant shown a
commitment to success among his or her peers or a dedication to improving
the medical literature? Might he or she bring national attention to my
program or become a leader in our field?
* Languages: Many of our patients speak language "X", and the applicant
speaks it, too; this will be very useful in the clinical setting.
* Hobbies and interests: Does the applicant have any interests in common
with my faculty, my residents, or myself? (This could easily become a main
topic of conversation in the interview.)
* Memberships in honorary or professional societies: This applicant
clearly has an appreciation for the professional community within which they
will be practicing.
Finally, these tips may help with the nuts and bolts of developing a good CV:
* Update it regularly to avoid forgetting important accomplishments, and
to save time when you finally start the application process;
* Ask several people to review your CV for typos, spelling, and
grammatical errors. Such errors can be detrimental to an otherwise strong
* Use Getting into a Residency: A Guide for Medical Students as an
additional resource, both for CV development and for the residency
application process in general.