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施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
作者:USMedEdu
发表时间:2010-09-03
更新时间:2010-09-03
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发信人: Wanshington (Joudon), 信区: Biology
标 题: 施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Thu Sep 2 17:46:43 2010, 美东)

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/329/5996/1128.pdf

全文:

Government research funds in China have been growing at an annual rate of
more than 20%, exceeding even the expectations of China's most enthusiastic
scientists. In theory, this could allow China to make truly outstanding
progress in science and research, complementing the nation's economic
success. In reality, however, rampant problems in research funding—some
attributable to the system and others cultural—are slowing down China's
potential pace of innovation.

Although scientific merit may still be the key to the success of smaller
research grants, such as those from China's National Natural Science
Foundation, it is much less relevant for the megaproject grants from various
government funding agencies, which range from tens to hundreds of millions
of Chinese yuan (7 yuan equals approximately 1 U.S. dollar). For the latter,
the key is the application guidelines that are issued each year to specify
research areas and projects. Their ostensible purpose is to outline "
national needs." But the guidelines are often so narrowly described that
they leave little doubt that the "needs" are anything but national; instead,
the intended recipients are obvious. Committees appointed by bureaucrats in
the funding agencies determine these annual guidelines. For obvious reasons
, the chairs of the committees often listen to and usually cooperate with
the bureaucrats. "Expert opinions" simply reflect a mutual understanding
between a very small group of bureaucrats and their favorite scientists.
This top-down approach stifles innovation and makes clear to everyone that
the connections with bureaucrats and a few powerful scientists are paramount
, dictating the entire process of guideline preparation. To obtain major
grants in China, it is an open secret that doing good research is not as
important as schmoozing with powerful bureaucrats and their favorite experts

This problematic funding system is frequently ridiculed by the majority of
Chinese researchers. And yet it is also, paradoxically, accepted by most of
them. Some believe that there is no choice but to accept these conventions.
This culture even permeates the minds of those who are new returnees from
abroad; they quickly adapt to the local environment and perpetuate the
unhealthy culture. A significant proportion of researchers in China spend
too much time on building connections and not enough time attending seminars
, discussing science, doing research, or training students (instead, using
them as laborers in their laboratories). Most are too busy to be found in
their own institutions. Some become part of the problem: They use
connections to judge grant applicants and undervalue scientific merit.

There is no need to spell out the ethical code for scientific research and
grants management, as most of the power brokers in Chinese research were
educated in industrialized countries. But overhauling the system will be no
easy task. Those favored by the existing system resist meaningful reform.
Some who oppose the unhealthy culture choose to be silent for fear of losing
future grant opportunities. Others who want change take the attitude of "
wait and see," rather than risk a losing battle.

Despite the roadblocks, those shaping science policy and those working at
the bench clearly recognize the problems with China's current research
culture: It wastes resources, corrupts the spirit, and stymies innovation.
The time for China to build a healthy research culture is now, riding the
momentum of increasing funding and a growing strong will to break away from
damaging conventions. A simple but important start would be to distribute
all of the new funds based on merit, without regard to connections. Over
time, this new culture could and should become the major pillar of a system
that nurtures, rather than squanders, the innovative potential of China.

--

※ 来源:·WWW 未名空间站 海外: mitbbs.com 中国: mitbbs.cn·[FROM: 128.120.]

发信人: ttd (oldcat), 信区: Biology
标 题: Re: 施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Thu Sep 2 23:22:01 2010, 美东)

还是有破无立。这个破,N 多年前就破了。怎么立(改),谁也不知道。Rao、Shi 也
没有给个路线图。这个属于老调重弹。



发信人: Oncogene (最近长脾气了), 信区: Biology
标 题: Re: 施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Fri Sep 3 00:01:29 2010, 美东)

不喜欢这种行为。往大里面说,还是有点殖民意识,感觉给外国人说说心里面就觉得
挺舒服,就有了靠山似的。

他们两个的境界不应该是这样的。



发信人: skyuncle (aaa), 信区: Biology
标 题: Re: 施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Fri Sep 3 03:45:28 2010, 美东)


只是表明国外关注中国而已,别想多了
--

※ 来源:·WWW 未名空间站 海外: mitbbs.com 中国: mitbbs.cn·[FROM: 169.230.]


发信人: toptip (土翁), 信区: Biology
标 题: Re: 施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Fri Sep 3 10:47:25 2010, 美东)

A simple but important start would be to distribute all of the new funds
based on merit, without regard to connections.+ 反对大项目 + 批评新回国的人
成为势力的一部分,这不是立吗?



【 在 ttd (oldcat) 的大作中提到: 】
: 还是有破无立。这个破,N 多年前就破了。怎么立(改),谁也不知道。Rao、Shi 也
: 没有给个路线图。这个属于老调重弹。
: enthusiastic



发信人: toptip (土翁), 信区: Biology
标 题: Re: 施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Fri Sep 3 10:52:39 2010, 美东)

个人感觉写得挺好。

发在这上面比发在哪个中文杂志上,阅读的人群不是一个数量级的。要改变这一现状是
需要很多人的合力,造舆论。而且科技官员也会比较重视。

但是对这一点我比较悲观,因为要深究进去,就是中共本身的官僚体制。那些为官的“
政绩”观,是导致现在科研基金乱象的根源。


【 在 Oncogene (最近长脾气了) 的大作中提到: 】
: 我一直在想,中国人在英文媒体/杂志上发表关于中国科研体制改革的用意/目的究竟
: 是什么?让全世界来帮助中国改革?借助国际力量给自己的改革增加力量?让全世界
: 更加明了中国科研界的黑暗???
:

发信人: Oncogene (最近长脾气了), 信区: Biology
标 题: Re: 施一公绕毅 最新《science》文章:关于中国科研文化
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Fri Sep 3 11:03:29 2010, 美东)

写的是不错了,而且那英文读着比较舒服。不过呢,中国人的改革还是要中国人来做,
不是吗?老外也帮不上什么忙。多写点好的东西,那些差的需要改进的,自己多联合
一些人好好改就是了。

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