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轻兵器巨匠
作者:dokknife
发表时间:2013-12-23
更新时间:2013-12-23
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老卡:现代轻兵器巨匠,--安息了!


MOSCOW (AP) — Mikhail Kalashnikov, whose work as a weapons designer for the
Soviet Union is immortalized in the name of the world's most popular
firearm, died Monday at the age of 94.

Kalashnikov once aspired to design farm equipment. But even though his most
famous invention — the AK-47 assault rifle — sowed havoc instead of crops,
he often said he felt personally untroubled by his contribution to
bloodshed.

"I sleep well. It's the politicians who are to blame for failing to come to
an agreement and resorting to violence," he said in 2007.

Kalashnikov died in a hospital in Izhevsk, the capital of the Udmurtia
republic where he lived, said Viktor Chulkov, a spokesman for the republic's
president. He did not give a cause of death. Kalashnikov had been
hospitalized for the past month with unspecified health problems.

The AK-47 — "Avtomat Kalashnikov" and the year it went into production —
is the world's most popular firearm, favored by guerrillas, terrorists and
the soldiers of many armies. An estimated 100 million guns are spread
worldwide.

Though it isn't especially accurate, its ruggedness and simplicity are
exemplary: it performs in sandy or wet conditions that jam more
sophisticated weapons such as the U.S. M-16.

"During the Vietnam war, American soldiers would throw away their M-16s to
grab AK-47s and bullets for it from dead Vietnamese soldiers," Kalashnikov
said in July 2007 at a ceremony marking the rifle's 60th anniversary.

The weapon's suitability for jungle and desert fighting made it nearly ideal
for the Third World insurgents backed by the Soviet Union, and Moscow not
only distributed the AK-47 widely but also licensed its production in some
30 other countries.

The gun's status among revolutionaries and national-liberation struggles is
enshrined on the flag of Mozambique.

Kalashnikov, born into a peasant family in Siberia, began his working life
as a railroad clerk. After he joined the Red Army in 1938, he began to show
mechanical flair by inventing several modifications for Soviet tanks.

The moment that firmly set his course was in the 1941 battle of Bryansk
against Nazi forces, when a shell hit his tank. Recovering from wounds in
the hospital, Kalashnikov brooded about the superior automatic rifles he'd
seen the Nazis deploy; his rough ideas and revisions bore fruit five years
later.

"Blame the Nazi Germans for making me become a gun designer," said
Kalashnikov. "I always wanted to construct agricultural machinery."

In 2007, President Vladimir Putin praised him, saying "The Kalashnikov rifle
is a symbol of the creative genius of our people."

Over his career, he was decorated with numerous honors, including the Hero
of Socialist Labor and Order of Lenin and Stalin Prize. But because his
invention was never patented, he didn't get rich off royalties.

"At that time in our country patenting inventions wasn't an issue. We worked
for Socialist society, for the good of the people, which I never regret,"
he once said.

Kalashnikov continued working into his late 80s as chief designer of the
Izmash company that first built the AK-47. He also traveled the world
helping Russia negotiate new arms deals, and he wrote books on his life,
about arms and about youth education.

"After the collapse of the great and mighty Soviet Union so much crap has
been imposed on us, especially on the younger generation," he said. "I wrote
six books to help them find their way in life."

He said he was proud of his bronze bust installed in his native village of
Kurya in the Siberian region of Altai. He said newlyweds bring flowers to
the bust. "They whisper 'Uncle Misha, wish us happiness and healthy kids,'"
he said. "What other gun designer can boast of that?"

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