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转几篇文章:庆祝获救的33名智利矿工
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发表时间:2010-10-14
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从前天晚上回来就见老公在看直播,昨晚从第26名miner获救,到9点多最后一名,直至接近半夜救援人员全部被拉上来,现场真是好感动,祝贺获得新生的这33名矿工以及他们的家人!

转几篇文章如下:

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【矿工】33名智利被困矿工全部获救

智利矿工升井直播受好评 33名矿工全部获救

据智利电视直播画面显示,北京时间14日上午9点,智利第33名被困矿工54岁的矿工负责人乌尔苏亚成功升井,这标志着智利营救被困矿工行动以胜利结束,各国通力合作并经过缜密计划,终于完成了不可能的任务。

带着特制护目镜的乌尔苏亚平静的走出救生舱,被簇拥而上的矿友披挂上了智利国旗,儿子眼含热泪静静的走向他,两人紧紧的相拥。

总统皮涅拉也迈步向前主动迎接最后一名英雄的胜利回归。在乌尔苏亚做简单汇报时,皮涅拉始终紧握他的双手。现场响起持久的掌声。

然后救援现场的全体救援人员和矿工以及政府官员脱下安全帽,在总统皮涅拉的带领下高唱智利国歌。

矿难发生时乌尔苏亚是井下的工头。现在他已是智利民众心中的英雄。在他的组织下,尽管遭遇食物不足等困难,33名矿工仍在未能与外界取得联系的状态下平安度过在井下的17天。当他与智利总统通话时,乌尔苏亚说,“总统先生,我们需要您提供有力及时的救援。请不要抛下我们。”

智利总统称矿难救援体现国家团结精神

智利总统皮涅拉说,任何国家在发展过程中必须保护工人的安全和利益。根据智利政府的决定,圣何塞铜矿和其他发生事故的智利铜矿在解决安全隐患、确保劳工安全之前,将不能继续运营。

网友:救援直播是最好的国家宣传片

西方媒体说,智利借解救矿工良机复兴国家,而中国网友称这是最好的国家宣传片。显然,智利不用出台什么重大改革法案,也不用支付广告费,就能对内凝聚民心,对外提升国家形象。(经营网)

智利总统在援救中表现突出支持率飙升

据美国《新闻周刊》10月13日报道,智利总统皮涅拉一贯被政敌谴责为傲慢自大、极端保守以及将独裁者皮诺切特当密友。不过在对33名被困矿工的营救行动中,皮涅拉像一位元帅那样始终坚守在前线,并在每位被困矿工升井后都给予他们大力的拥抱。因为这些突出的表现,皮涅拉的形象获得很大提升,支持率飙升到70%以上。

皮涅拉是在今年2月智利大地震爆发后才宣誓就职总统,他通过快速有效的救援行动迅速赢得智利人的信任。但此后,他的支持率开始下降,部分原因是受到长达三个月的监狱绝食罢工影响。在对33名被困矿工的最初救援行动中,因行动缓慢,其支持率再次受到影响。

但是,在整个矿难救援行动中,皮涅拉始终坚守在现场。而最终成功营救出所有被困矿工的突出表现,又立刻让他成为英雄。皮涅拉屡屡与获救矿工拥抱,更是为他加分。目前对于大多数智利人来说,他们更加相信选择了一位正确的领导人。

据报道,皮涅拉的支持率现在已经飙升到70%以上,他的矿业部长戈尔本的支持率达到87%。智利媒体推测称,这可能促使戈尔本参加2014年总统大选寻求连任。(国际在线 李金良)

智利大营救奇迹的启示

昨天,全球的焦点都集中在智利圣何塞铜矿——智利政府营救33名被困矿工的行动正式展开,随着一名名矿工先后逃离“地狱”、重见天日,且获救矿工大都展现出了健康、乐观、豁达的精神面貌,令全世界为之感动和振奋。毕竟,被困地下700米69天后还能生还,史无前例。

由此,众多国人都在赞叹智利人创造了生命奇迹,更创造了救援奇迹。

但是,仅以“奇迹”二字就概括了这次救援的意义,还显得肤浅。“奇迹”毕竟只是结局,如果不关注“奇迹”产生过程中生命至上、以人为本的理念,不关注“奇迹”背后感性的人性光辉,就不能从“奇迹”中得到有益的启示。

首先,井下设有人性化的安全保障设备避难所。避难所内有通风口,有饮用水及食物,还有用以自救的基本清理设备等。正是这一具有人文关怀的避难所,才给救援留足了时间和空间,也才有了矿工们等待17天、早已超出黄金救援时间后还能向外界发出“活着”的信号,并最终坚持到获救。

第二,对被困矿工们生理和心理的关怀人性化。除了为矿工们提供食物、水等维持他们的生命,智利当局还关注其精神状态,向矿工们提供掌上游戏和足球直播等,让他们与亲人对话(如一名矿工向地上传纸条向女友求婚,一名矿工第一次给结婚37年的妻子写信表爱意),自拍生存故事与地面交流等,借以舒缓他们孤独、恐惧的心理,避免其心理崩溃。

第三,救援方案体现人性化、科学化。为了救援,智利专门研制了先进的专用救生舱;邀请美国航天专家对被困矿工的营养和心理方面提供意见。救援中,专家为矿工在生理和心理上可能出现的问题做了充分准备,矿工们提前服用阿司匹林预防升井时血液凝固,食用高热量流食克服升井时的眩晕恶心感,穿上保持体温的特质衣服,戴上能监控心率和体温的生物测量腰带。

正是有了人本、人性这一核心因素,再辅之不抛弃不放弃的信念、科学的部署、专业的技术,智利奇迹才得以产生。

据称,智利奇迹将给全球矿山运营和矿难救援带来有益的启示。智利奇迹背后的人性化光辉,能不能给矿难频发的中国,带来一些启示呢?

人们发现,在智利救援现场,有两个很中国化的设备:一是救援舱取名意为凤凰涅槃的“凤凰号”,二是大型设备“神舟第一吊”起重机。“中国制造”在智利大营救中担当了重要角色,这固然让国人自豪和骄傲,但不少人也在反思:这样好的设备怎么未出现在国内矿难的救援现场呢?

这一问题的背后,实则是国内一些矿难救援还缺乏人性关怀的体现。

而且,查阅报章还可以发现,智利矿难发生并展开救援期间,正是中国一些煤矿消极对待中央“矿山领导带班下井制”的时间段,如一些煤矿炮制“矿领导陪死”论,一些煤矿大肆提拔矿长助理顶替领导下井。这些矿山领导的行为,是骨子里缺乏以人为本的表现,更是未从智利救援中受到启发并展开行动的表现。

智利也是发展中国家。他山之石,可以攻玉。中国高层早已提出以人为本的施政理念,各地矿山应更多地关注民生,加大安全投入,关注细节,给井下建设完善的安全保障设施,以人本、人性的理念面对社会责任。如斯,才可从智利奇迹中获得更多有价值的启示,使矿山安全真正凤凰涅槃。(国际在线 刘凤羽)

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They're all out: 33 miners raised safely in Chile

By MICHAEL WARREN, Associated Press Writer Michael Warren, Associated Press Writer – 2 hrs 40 mins ago

SAN JOSE MINE, Chile – The longest underground nightmare in history ended safely — and faster than anyone expected.

In a flawless operation that unfolded before a hopeful, transfixed world, 33 miners who were trapped for more than two months deep beneath the Chilean earth were raised one by one Wednesday through a smooth-walled shaft of rock.

The last man out was the one who held the group together when they were feared lost, a shift foreman named Luis Urzua who enforced tight rations of their limited food and supplies before help could arrive.

"We have done what the entire world was waiting for," he said immediately after his rescue. "We had strength, we had spirit, we wanted to fight, we wanted to fight for our families, and that was the greatest thing."

Not even a full 24 hours after the rescue began, Urzua made the 2,041-foot ascent in a rescue capsule called Phoenix and emerged from a manhole-sized opening in the ground to a joyous celebration of confetti, balloons and champagne.

President Sebastian Pinera told him: "You are not the same, and the country is not the same after this. You were an inspiration. Go hug your wife and your daughter." With hardhats held to their hearts, the pair led a joyous crowd in singing the national anthem.

The first rescue worker down was last up — Manuel Gonzalez, a mine rescue expert with Chile's state-owned Codelco copper company, talked the men through the final hours inside the mine. Then, he spent 26 minutes alone down below before he strapped himself into the capsule for the ride up. He reached the surface at 12:32 a.m. Thursday local time to hugs from his comrades and Pinera.

The rescue exceeded expectations every step of the way. Officials first said it might be four months before they could get the men out; it turned out to be 69 days and about 8 hours.

Once the escape tunnel was finished, they estimated it would take 36 to 48 hours to get all the miners to the surface. That got faster as the operation went along, and all the miners were safely above ground in 22 hours, 37 minutes.

The crowd in "Camp Hope," down a hill from the escape shaft, set off confetti, released balloons and sprayed champagne as Urzua's capsule surfaced, joining in a rousing miners' cheer. In the capital of Santiago, hundreds gathered in Plaza Italia, waving flags and chanting victory slogans in the miners' honor.

In nearby Copiapo, about 3,000 people gathered in the town square, where a huge screen broadcast live footage of the rescue. The exuberant crowd waved Chilean flags of all sizes and blew on red vuvuzelas as cars drove around the plaza honking their horns, their drivers yelling, "Long live Chile!"

"The miners are our heroes," said teary-eyed Copiapo resident Maria Guzman, 45.

One by one throughout the day, the men had emerged to the cheers of exuberant Chileans and before the eyes of a transfixed globe. While the operation picked up speed as the day went on, each miner was greeted with the same boisterous applause from rescuers.

"Welcome to life," Pinera told Victor Segovia, the 15th miner out. On a day of superlatives, it seemed no overstatement.

They rejoined a world intensely curious about their ordeal, and certain to offer fame and jobs. Previously unimaginable riches awaited men who had risked their lives going into the unstable gold and copper mine for about $1,600 a month.

The miners made the smooth ascent inside the Phoenix capsule — 13 feet tall, barely wider than their shoulders and painted in the white, blue and red of the Chilean flag. It had a door that stuck occasionally, and some wheels had to be replaced, but it worked exactly as planned.

Beginning at midnight Tuesday, and sometimes as quickly as every 25 minutes, the pod was lowered the nearly half-mile to where 700,000 tons of rock collapsed Aug. 5 and entombed the men.

Then, after a quick pep talk from rescue workers who had descended into the mine, a miner would climb in, make the journey upward and emerge from a manhole into blinding light.

The rescue was planned with extreme care. The miners were monitored by video on the way up for any sign of panic. They had oxygen masks, dark glasses to protect their eyes and sweaters for the jarring transition from subterranean swelter to chilly desert air.

As they neared the surface, a camera attached to the top of the capsule showed a brilliant white piercing the darkness not unlike what accident survivors describe when they have near-death experiences.

The miners emerged looking healthier than many had expected and even clean-shaven. Several thrust their fists upward like prizefighters, and Mario Sepulveda, the second to taste freedom, bounded out and led his rescuers in a rousing cheer. Franklin Lobos, who played for the Chilean national soccer team in the 1980s, briefly bounced a ball on his foot and knee.

"We have prayed to San Lorenzo, the patron saint of miners, and to many other saints so that my brothers Florencio and Renan would come out of the mine all right. It is as if they had been born again," said Priscila Avalos. One of her brothers was the first miner rescued, and the other came out Wednesday evening.

Health Minister Jaime Manalich said some of the miners probably will be able to leave the hospital Thursday — earlier than projected — but many had been unable to sleep, wanted to talk with families and were anxious. One was treated for pneumonia, and two needed dental work.

"They are not ready to have a moment's rest until the last of their colleagues is out," he said.

As it traveled down and up, down and up, the rescue capsule was not rotating as much inside the escape shaft as officials expected, allowing for faster trips.

The first man out was Florencio Avalos, who emerged from the missile-like chamber and hugged his sobbing 7-year-old son, his wife and the Chilean president.

No one in recorded history has survived as long trapped underground. For the first 17 days, no one even knew whether they were alive. In the weeks that followed, the world was captivated by their endurance and unity.

News channels from North America to Europe and the Middle East carried live coverage of the rescue. Pope Benedict XVI said in Spanish that he "continues with hope to entrust to God's goodness" the fate of the men. Iran's state English-language Press TV followed events live for a time. Crews from Russia, Japan and North Korean state TV were at the mine.

The images beamed to the world were extraordinary: Grainy footage from the mine chamber showed each man climbing into the capsule, then disappearing upward through an opening.

Among the first rescued was the youngest miner, Jimmy Sanchez, at 19 the father of a months-old baby. Two hours later came the oldest, Mario Gomez, 63, who suffers from a lung disease common to miners and had been on antibiotics inside the mine. He dropped to his knees after he emerged, bowed his head in prayer and clutched the Chilean flag.

Gomez's wife, Lilianett Ramirez, pulled him up from the ground and embraced him. The couple had talked by video once a week, and she said that he had repeated the promise he made to her in his initial letter from inside the mine: He would marry her properly in a church wedding, followed by the honeymoon they never had.

The lone foreigner among them, Carlos Mamani of Bolivia, was visited at a nearby clinic by Pinera and Bolivian President Evo Morales. The miner could be heard telling the Chilean leader how nice it was to breathe fresh air and see the stars.

Most of the men emerged clean-shaven. More than 300 people at the mine alone had worked on the rescue or to sustain them during their long wait by lowering rocket-shaped tubes dubbed "palomas," Spanish for carrier pigeons. Along with the food and medicine came razors and shaving cream.

Estimates for the rescue operation alone have soared beyond $22 million, though the government has repeatedly insisted that money was not a concern.

The men emerged in good health. But at the hospital in Copiapo, where miner after miner walked from the ambulance to a waiting wheelchair, it became clear that psychological issues would be as important to treat as physical ones.

Dr. Guillermo Swett said Sepulveda told him about an internal "fight with the devil" that he had inside the mine. He said Sanchez appeared to be having a hard time adjusting, and seemed depressed.

"He spoke very little and didn't seem to connect," the doctor said.

The entire rescue operation was meticulously choreographed. No expense was spared in bringing in topflight drillers and equipment — and boring three separate holes into the copper and gold mine. Only one was finished — the one through which the miners exited.

Mining is Chile's lifeblood, providing 40 percent of state earnings, and Pinera put his mining minister and the operations chief of Codelco in charge of the rescue.

It went so well that its managers abandoned a plan to restrict images of the rescue. A huge Chilean flag that was to obscure the hole from view was moved aside so the hundreds of cameras perched on a hill above could capture images that state TV also fed live.

That included the surreal moment when the capsule dropped for the first time into the chamber, where the bare-chested miners, most stripped down to shorts because of the underground heat, mobbed the rescuer who emerged to serve as their guide to freedom.

"This rescue operation has been so marvelous, so clean, so emotional that there was no reason not to allow the eyes of the world — which have been watching this operation so closely — to see it," a beaming Pinera told a news conference after the first miner safely surfaced.

The miners' vital signs were closely monitored throughout the ride. They were given a high-calorie liquid diet donated by NASA, designed to prevent nausea from any rotation of the capsule as it traveled through curves in the 28-inch-diameter escape hole.

Engineers inserted steel piping at the top of the shaft, which was angled 11 degrees off vertical before plunging like a waterfall. Drillers had to curve the shaft to pass through "virgin" rock, narrowly avoiding collapsed areas and underground open spaces in the overexploited mine, which had operated since 1885.

President Barack Obama said the rescue had "inspired the world." The crews included many Americans, including a driller operator from Denver and a team from Center Rock Inc. of Berlin, Pa., that built and managed the piston-driven hammers that pounded the hole through rock laced with quartzite, some of the hardest and most abrasive rock.

Chile has promised that its care of the miners won't end for six months at least — not until they can be sure that each man has readjusted.

Psychiatrists and other experts in surviving extreme situations predict their lives will be anything but normal. Since Aug. 22, when a narrow bore hole broke through to their refuge and the miners stunned the world with a note, scrawled in red ink, disclosing their survival, their families have been exposed in ways they never imagined.

Miners had to describe their physical and mental health in detail with teams of doctors and psychologists. In some cases, when both wives and lovers claimed the same man, everyone involved had to face the consequences.

As trying as their time underground was, the miners face challenges so bewildering that no amount of coaching can fully prepare them. Rejoining a world intensely curious about their ordeal, they have been invited to presidential palaces, to take all-expenses-paid vacations and to appear on countless TV shows. Book and movie deals are pending, along with job offers.

Sepulveda's performance exiting from the shaft appeared to confirm what many Chileans thought when they saw his engaging performances in videos sent up from below — that he could have a future as a TV personality.

But he tried to quash the idea as he spoke to viewers of Chile's state television channel while sitting with his wife and children shortly after his rescue.

"The only thing I'll ask of you is that you don't treat me as an artist or a journalist, but as a miner," he said. "I was born a miner and I'll die a miner."

___

Associated Press Writers Frank Bajak, Franklin Briceno, Peter Prengaman, Vivian Sequera and Eva Vergara contributed to this report.

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Last of Chilean miners is raised safely to surface
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/lt_chile_mine_collapse

By MICHAEL WARREN, Associated Press Writer Michael Warren, Associated Press Writer – 8 mins ago

SAN JOSE MINE, Chile – The last of the Chilean miners, the foreman who held them together when they were feared lost, was raised from the depths of the earth Wednesday night — a joyous ending to a 69-day ordeal that riveted the world. No one has ever been trapped so long and survived.

Luis Urzua ascended smoothly through 2,000 feet of rock, completing a 22 1/2-hour rescue operation that unfolded with remarkable speed and flawless execution. Before a jubilant crowd of about 2,000 people, he became the 33rd miner to be rescued.

"We have done what the entire world was waiting for," he told Chilean President Sebastian Pinera immediately after his rescue. "The 70 days that we fought so hard were not in vain. We had strength, we had spirit, we wanted to fight, we wanted to fight for our families, and that was the greatest thing."

The president told him: "You are not the same, and the country is not the same after this. You were an inspiration. Go hug your wife and your daughter." With Urzua by his side, he led the crowd in singing the national anthem.

The rescue exceeded expectations every step of the way. Officials first said it might be four months before they could get the men out; it turned out to be 69 days and about 8 hours.

Once the escape tunnel was finished, they estimated it would take 36 to 48 hours to get all the miners to the surface. That got faster as the operation went along, and all the men were safely above ground in 22 hours, 37 minutes.

The rescue workers who talked the men through the final hours still had to be hoisted to the surface.

In nearby Copiapo, about 3,000 people gathered in the town square, where a huge screen broadcast live footage of the rescue. The exuberant crowd waved Chilean flags of all sizes and blew on red vuvuzelas as cars drove around the plaza honking their horns, their drivers yelling, "Long live Chile!"

"The miners are our heroes," said teary-eyed Copiapo resident Maria Guzman, 45.

One by one throughout the day, the men had emerged to the cheers of exuberant Chileans and before the eyes of a transfixed globe. While the operation picked up speed as the day went on, each miner was greeted with the same boisterous applause from rescuers.

"Welcome to life," Pinera told Victor Segovia, the 15th miner out. On a day of superlatives, it seemed no overstatement.

They rejoined a world intensely curious about their ordeal, and certain to offer fame and jobs. Previously unimaginable riches awaited men who had risked their lives going into the unstable gold and copper mine for about $1,600 a month.

The miners made the smooth ascent inside a capsule called Phoenix — 13 feet tall, barely wider than their shoulders and painted in the white, blue and red of the Chilean flag. It had a door that stuck occasionally, and some wheels had to be replaced, but it worked exactly as planned.

Beginning at midnight Tuesday, and sometimes as quickly as every 25 minutes, the pod was lowered the nearly half-mile to where 700,000 tons of rock collapsed Aug. 5 and entombed the men.

Then, after a quick pep talk from rescue workers who had descended into the mine, a miner would climb in, make the journey upward and emerge from a manhole into the blinding sun.

The rescue was planned with extreme care. The miners were monitored by video on the way up for any sign of panic. They had oxygen masks, dark glasses to protect their eyes from the unfamiliar sunlight and sweaters for the jarring transition from subterranean swelter to chilly desert air.

As they neared the surface, a camera attached to the top of the capsule showed a brilliant white piercing the darkness not unlike what accident survivors describe when they have near-death experiences.

The miners emerged looking healthier than many had expected and even clean-shaven. Several thrust their fists upwards like prizefighters, and Mario Sepulveda, the second to taste freedom, bounded out and led his rescuers in a rousing cheer. Franklin Lobos, who played for the Chilean national soccer team in the 1980s, briefly bounced a soccer ball on his foot and knee.

"We have prayed to San Lorenzo, the patron saint of miners, and to many other saints so that my brothers Florencio and Renan would come out of the mine all right. It is as if they had been born again," said Priscila Avalos. One of her brothers was the first miner rescued, and the other was due out later in the evening.

Health Minister Jaime Manalich said some of the miners probably will be able to leave the hospital Thursday — earlier than projected — but many had been unable to sleep, wanted to talk with families and were anxious. One was treated for pneumonia, and two needed dental work.

"They are not ready to have a moment's rest until the last of their colleagues is out," he said.

As it traveled down and up, down and up, the rescue capsule was not rotating as much inside the 2,041-foot escape shaft as officials expected, allowing for faster trips.

The first man out was Florencio Avalos, who emerged from the missile-like chamber and hugged his sobbing 7-year-old son, his wife and the Chilean president.

No one in recorded history has survived as long trapped underground. For the first 17 days, no one even knew whether they were alive. In the weeks that followed, the world was captivated by their endurance and unity.

News channels from North America to Europe and the Middle East carried live coverage of the rescue. Pope Benedict XVI said in Spanish that he "continues with hope to entrust to God's goodness" the fate of the men. Iran's state English-language Press TV followed events live for a time. Crews from Russia and Japan and North Korean state TV were at the mine.

The images beamed to the world were extraordinary: Grainy footage from beneath the earth showed each miner climbing into capsule, then disappearing upward through an opening. Then a camera showed the pod steadily rising through the dark, smooth-walled tunnel.

Among the first rescued was the youngest miner, Jimmy Sanchez, at 19 the father of a months-old baby. Two hours later came the oldest, Mario Gomez, 63, who suffers from a lung disease common to miners and had been on antibiotics inside the mine. He dropped to his knees after he emerged, bowed his head in prayer and clutched the Chilean flag.

Gomez's wife, Lilianett Ramirez, pulled him up from the ground and embraced him. The couple had talked over video chat once a week, and she said that he had repeated the promise he made to her in his initial letter from inside the mine: He would marry her properly in a church wedding, followed by the honeymoon they never had.

The lone foreigner among them, Carlos Mamani of Bolivia, was visited at a nearby clinic by Pinera and Bolivian President Evo Morales. The miner could be heard telling the Chilean president how nice it was to breathe fresh air and see the stars.

Most of the men emerged clean-shaven. More than 300 people at the mine alone had worked on the rescue or to sustain them during their long wait by lowering rocket-shaped tubes dubbed "palomas," Spanish for carrier pigeons. Along with the food and medicine came razors and shaving cream.

Estimates for the rescue operation alone have soared beyond $22 million, though the government has repeatedly insisted that money is not a concern.

The men emerged in good health. But at the hospital in Copiapo, where miner after miner walked from the ambulance to a waiting wheelchair, it became clear that psychological issues would be as important to treat as physical ones.

Dr. Guillermo Swett said Sepulveda told him about an internal "fight with the devil" that he had inside the mine. He said Sanchez appeared to be having a hard time adjusting, and seemed depressed.

"He spoke very little and didn't seem to connect," the doctor said.

The entire rescue operation was meticulously choreographed. No expense was spared in bringing in topflight drillers and equipment — and boring three separate holes into the copper and gold mine. Only one has been finished — the one through which the miners exited.

Mining is Chile's lifeblood, providing 40 percent of state earnings, and Pinera put his mining minister and the operations chief of state-owned Codelco, the country's biggest company, in charge of the rescue.

It went so well that its managers abandoned a plan to restrict images of the rescue. A huge Chilean flag that was to obscure the hole from view was moved aside so the hundreds of cameras perched on a hill above could record images that state TV also fed live.

That included the surreal moment when the capsule dropped for the first time into the chamber, where the bare-chested miners, most stripped down to shorts because of the underground heat, mobbed the rescuer who emerged to serve as their guide to freedom.

"This rescue operation has been so marvelous, so clean, so emotional that there was no reason not to allow the eyes of the world — which have been watching this operation so closely — to see it," a a beaming Pinera told a news conference after the first miner safely surfaced.

The miners' vital signs were closely monitored throughout the ride. They were given a high-calorie liquid diet donated by NASA, designed to prevent nausea from any rotation of the capsule as it travels through curves in the 28-inch-diameter escape hole.

Engineers inserted steel piping at the top of the shaft, which is angled 11 degrees off vertical before plunging like a waterfall. Drillers had to curve the shaft to pass through "virgin" rock, narrowly avoiding collapsed areas and underground open spaces in the overexploited mine, which had operated since 1885.

U.S. President Barack Obama said the rescue had "inspired the world." The crews included many Americans, including a driller operator from Denver and a team from Center Rock Inc. of Berlin, Pa., that built and managed the piston-driven hammers that pounded the hole through rock laced with quartzite, some of the hardest and most abrasive rock.

Chile has promised that its care of the miners won't end for six months at least — not until they can be sure that each man has readjusted.

Psychiatrists and other experts in surviving extreme situations predict their lives will be anything but normal. Since Aug. 22, when a narrow bore hole broke through to their refuge and the miners stunned the world with a note, scrawled in red ink, disclosing their survival, their families have been exposed in ways they never imagined.

Miners had to describe their physical and mental health in detail with teams of doctors and psychologists. In some cases, when both wives and lovers claimed the same man, everyone involved had to face the consequences.

As trying as their time underground was, the miners now face challenges so bewildering that no amount of coaching can fully prepare them. Rejoining a world intensely curious about their ordeal, they have been invited to presidential palaces, to take all-expenses-paid vacations and to appear on countless TV shows. Book and movie deals are pending, along with job offers.

Sepulveda's performance exiting from the shaft appeared to confirm what many Chileans thought when they saw his engaging performances in videos sent up from below — that he could have a future as a TV personality.

But he tried to quash the idea as he spoke to viewers of Chile's state television channel while sitting with his wife and children shortly after his rescue.

"The only thing I'll ask of you is that you don't treat me as an artist or a journalist, but as a miner," he said. "I was born a miner and I'll die a miner."

___

Associated Press Writers Frank Bajak, Franklin Briceno, Peter Prengaman, Vivian Sequera and Eva Vergara contributed to this report.

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Oldest miner 63, freed in Chile; drops to knees

– Wed Oct 13, 7:21 am ET

SAN JOSE MINE, Chile – The oldest of the 33 miners, Mario Gomez, has been freed from his underground prison. He dropped to his knees and bowed his head in prayer, clutching the Chilean flag.

The 63-year-old Gomez was pulled up from the ground and embraced by his wife, Lilianete Ramirez.

He is the most experienced of the group, first entering a mine shaft to work at the age of 12.

Gomez has silicosis, a lung disease common to miners. He has been on antibiotics and bronchial inflammation medicine.

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Chile Celebrates As Rescuers Lift Miners to Safety

By TIM PADGETT / SAN JOSE MINE Tim Padgett / San Jose Mine – Wed Oct 13, 1:40 pm ET

By the time the capsule rose through the mineshaft's manhole-size opening shortly after midnight, the surrounding desert outside the northern Chilean city of CopiapÓ was as dark and cold as a sepulcher. But when 30-year-old Florencio Avalos emerged from 2,000 ft. (700 m) below the earth - where he and his 32 companions had been huddled since their gold and copper mine collapsed on Aug. 5 - and into the arms of his wife and children, an incandescent fiesta of life erupted on the surrounding dunes and rock piles. Men who had been all but buried alive for 69 days had just become the world's newest heroes.

The U.S. exulted 40 years ago when it brought its three Apollo 13 astronauts back safely from a disaster in space. Early Wednesday morning, Chile - and, for that matter, Latin America, a continent whose achievements are so often overshadowed by natural and political tragedy – can celebrate its own finest hour as it rescues its 33 miners from the abyss. Chileans, not known for exuberance, unleashed deafening cheers and chants through the chilly air above the San JosÉ mine - "Tonight we bring them back!" - along with confetti and balloons bearing the Chilean flag. The sight of Avalos' 7-year-old son, wearing a hard hat alongside Chilean President SebastiÁn PiÑera as he awaited his father, brought many at the mine, now known as Camp Hope, to tears. "We made a promise to never surrender, and we kept it," said PiÑera, who arrived at the site on Tuesday and earlier said that the miners' rescue would be "a true rebirth for us all." (See pictures of the rescue.)

It will be a prolonged one as well. The process of sending the 21-inch-wide (50 cm wide) capsule down the almost half-mile diagonal duct and then carrying each miner up to the surface will take as much as an hour or more. As a result, officials said they expected Operation San Lorenzo - named for the patron saint of miners - to last about 48 hours. Seventeen of the 33 miners have been rescued. Said the second, Mario SepÚlveda: "I think I had extraordinary luck. I was with God and with the devil. And I reached out for God."

The operation was made possible last Saturday when a giant U.S.-operated drill finally bored through the ceiling of the miners' 538-sq.-ft. (50 sq m) emergency shelter, a good month before most had expected. Since then, the men prepared for their rides up in the specially designed Phoenix capsule. They did squats and other leg-strengthening exercises to keep their blood circulation even for the 15-minute ascent; they ate only protein supplements and carbohydrates to avoid nausea. See TIME's top 10 miraculous rescues.)

Officials, doctors and psychologists who had been monitoring the miners throughout the more than two-month ordeal - a survival record in the annals of mining disasters - drew up an order of ascent. "Los mÁs hÁbiles" - a half-dozen of "the most able," like Avalos - would go first, since they could better handle any problems on the way up that rescue workers could then fix for the others going after them. The weaker members of the group would follow, and then the stronger.

Each would wear a special helmet equipped with communications gear so officials could keep in constant contact with them; an oxygen mask and a belt with vital-signs sensors around the torso; and dark glasses to keep their eyes, more like those of moles now than of humans, from being damaged in the sudden return to light. Liliana GÓmez, the wife of the oldest of the men, Mario GÓmez, 63, who has silicosis, a lung ailment common among miners, hoped that he would be carrying his inhaler. "He'll be much less nervous if he does," she told TIME. "I'll be much less nervous if he does." (See pictures of the miners underground.)

Indeed, claustrophobic panic attacks during the ascent have been the one key concern, and officials are ready to increase the lift speed to 10 ft. (3 m) per second should a miner have one. "Every rescue has risks," said Mining Minister Laurence Golborne before the operation, "but we've got hundreds of different contingencies in place." Many had assumed the miners would be given anxiety-reducing drugs before the lift; but medical advisers insisted the men be in a natural state, "not all drugged up, so they'll be alert to whatever problem they might encounter on the way up," Dr. Franco Utili, an emergency medical specialist on the rescue team, told TIME.

So far, the only nervous moment has been a three-hour delay in the operation's start, when Golborne reported a problem with the capsule door during testing Tuesday night. When the damage (which could have caused the capsule to get caught on the wall of the 28-inch-wide [70 cm wide] shaft) was fixed, the first of a handful of rescue workers was lowered down shortly after 11 p.m. to gauge the miners' condition and assist them with the capsule. Within minutes Avalos, the No. 2 leader of the mining group who had been charged with video-monitoring his comrades' subterranean health for officials above, was on his way. After he arrived at the bottom, another rescue worker was sent down, and another miner was sent up: the electrician-prankster SepÚlveda, 39, who lightened the moment by giving PiÑera and his attending Cabinet ministers joke gifts of rocks from the mine below and then led them in rowdy cheerleader chants. (See a map of where the miners have been.)

Each man, who was allowed to have about three family members greet him as he popped through the hole, was to be examined by doctors at a makeshift medical facility at the rescue site. Then they would be whisked by air force helicopter to a hospital in CopiapÓ for a minimum of two days' observation. The last miner up will be Luis UrzÚa, 52, the shift foreman who was the men's leader and kept them cohesive during their entrapment - a role officials want him to play throughout the rescue phase as well. (Comment on this story.)

But even if they get a physical pass, they'll need months, if not years, of emotional monitoring. Alberto Iturra, the rescue team's chief psychologist, has warned that the miners, who are like nocturnal creatures now being brought back into a life of daylight, could experience posttraumatic problems similar to those of soldiers returning from war, especially "the disappointments and frustrations of no one else understanding what they've been through." Once their international fame has passed, Iturra said recently, their families may have to muster "a lot of patience."

Fortunately, that quality seems to be in large supply among them. Margarita Rojo, 72, the mother of miner Dario Segovia, 48, says she never imagined the rescue would come this soon. She thought it could "take up to the rest of the year, to tell you the truth," Rojo told TIME. Then again, she was a miner herself as a younger woman - an explosives expert to boot. Her son, she says, "is a miner - they're like cats, with nine lives. He's got three or four left at least." For the next two days, that outpouring of life promises to light up the watching world as surely as it ignited the barren Chilean desert.

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Millions worldwide watch Chilean mine drama unfold

By TIM HUBER and GREGORY KATZ, Associated Press Writers Tim Huber And Gregory Katz, Associated Press Writers – 1 hr 22 mins ago

They were inspired by the miners' fortitude and camaraderie. They were amazed by the engineering feat that saved the men's lives. And they were grateful for some good news for a change.

From Australia to the coal fields of Appalachia, people in seemingly every corner of the world followed the Chilean miners' rescue Wednesday on TV and the Internet, and many were uplifted by the experience.

"It's a heartwarming story. It's family values. It's leadership. It's everything that we should have here," Mark Vannucci said as he watched on a TV at a restaurant in New York's Times Square. His wife, Susan, said: "Instead of those guys in the mine turning on each other, they worked together, they bonded."

The riveting images of the men being brought to the surface to see the sun, breathe fresh air and hug their loved ones for the first time in two months were broadcast live to millions of people in the U.S. and across much of the Middle East, Asia, Europe and Africa throughout the night and during the day.

Viewers were transfixed by the Chilean state video feed: a you-are-there view from a camera mounted on top of the rescue capsule that carried the miners to the surface. It showed the brilliant white light at the end of the tunnel getting bigger and bigger and finally exploding like a starburst as each man ascended.

"It feels like we're all there with them even though we're so far away in London," Jose Torra said in England. "For once it is a story with a good ending."

Some marveled at the miners' capacity to cope for so long and wondered how they would have dealt with the terror and uncertainty.

"It's pretty amazing to see them stay down there that long and not go crazy," said Tamara Craiu, a 21-year-old student from Singapore who is taking classes in London. "I'd go mad."

Many watched the first miner rescued on their laptops late Tuesday night and continued following the drama on their computers at work Wednesday. Joyous reaction poured out across Twitter and Facebook, as viewers worldwide witnessed the story unfolding in real time.

Some instantly offered their casting suggestions for a Hollywood movie about the ordeal: Tom Cruise, Ben Affleck, Nicolas Cage. The website Movieline.com suggested five directors, including Ron Howard ("Apollo 13").

In Mexico, some Internet users posted bittersweet messages, praising Chile's government but expressing regret that their country could not save the 65 miners who died in 2006 after an explosion in a coal mine.

In Spain, Elias Saguillo, one of some 50 Spanish coal miners who staged a monthlong underground protest in September over unpaid wages and demands for subsidies, said he and his colleagues followed the Chilean ordeal day after day.

"Mainly we are proud of how the Chilean miners endured. From the first day through to the end, they behaved like true miners," Saguillo said after finishing his shift at the Las Cuevas mine, where he and colleagues spent 28 days at a depth of 1,650 feet.

In China, the rescue was prominently displayed on virtually all the major Chinese news websites. State television ran a segment on its evening broadcast, while the official news agency Xinhua carried an editorial praising the rescue: "For more than two months, the miners, families, citizens and the government all have created a miracle of life. The rescue reflects the shining moment of human nature."

China's mining industry is considered by far the world's deadliest, with more than 2,600 coal miners killed last year in blasts and other accidents. Those figures reflect a decrease from previous years as the government moved to improve safety by shutting down many illegal mines.

The rescue was big news in South Korea, Japan, Germany, France and Poland, a coal mining country that has also suffered many tragic mining accidents.

Clifford Aron, an American businessman who lives in Poland, said he was deeply moved by the heroism of the miners and the quality of Chile's leaders.

"The obvious contrast is with America," said Aron, a 52-year-old Brooklyn native. "With Hurricane Katrina, the Bush administration was completely incompetent and out to lunch on the human tragedy. With the BP oil spill, the Obama approach was to punt over responsibility to BP. The Chileans have shown us what leadership and crisis management is all about. Lives were at stake and the whole machinery of government snapped into action."

He said the miners show stunning resilience.

"This was the most amazing story I had ever seen," he said. "Those miners are the greatest heroes I can think of — for their endurance and solidarity in the most unimaginable conditions. What an inspiration to us all to learn how to get along."

The TV coverage also had special resonance for Todd Russell and Brant Webb, two Australian gold miners who were trapped by an earthquake more than half than a mile underground for two weeks in 2006. Both said they were overcome by emotion as they watched from half a world away.

But Russell, 38, warned that the freed miners face a harsh adjustment. He has suffered from insomnia and nightmares since his rescue and has been diagnosed with post traumatic stress disorder, which he blames for the collapse of his marriage.

"They've got a long way to go," he told Australia's Nine Network television. "They're only in the early stages of their release."

In the coalfields of West Virginia, union representative and former coal miner William Chapman was riveted by the images of men — brothers, in a sense — being plucked one by one from what could have been their tomb. "It's a miracle," he said.

West Virginia has seen at least two major coal mining disasters since 2006 — the Sago explosion that left 12 men dead, and the Upper Big Branch blast six months ago that killed 29 workers.

The Chilean miners "may be in a different country or whatever," Chapman said, but it doesn't matter. "There's a bond there."

In Los Angeles, the Staples Center played news footage of the rescue on the overhead scoreboard during breaks in play at the Los Angeles Kings-Atlanta Thrashers hockey game, eliciting warm cheers from the crowd.

Expatriate Chileans followed the drama from thousands of miles away.

The manager of a Chilean restaurant in New York City wore a miner's helmet with "Esperanza" — Spanish for "hope" — on it.

At the Sabores Chilenos restaurant in Miami, about 40 people gathered Tuesday night to watch the rescue. As the first miner entered the capsule and began the journey up, they held hands and said the Lord's Prayer — an act Chileans around the U.S. participated in.

"It was the same sensation as seeing images of when man reached the moon," waitress Ingrid Sufan said.

When the first miner reached the surface, the crowd drank champagne and sang the Chilean national anthem.

On Wednesday, people continued to come in and out of the restaurant, eyes glued to the television.

"I'm here, but it's as if I was there," said Pedro Lobolledo, who stopped in on his way to work cleaning a medical building. "Look how I am," he said, pointing to the hairs standing up on his arms.

"We are accustomed to catastrophe," he said, referring to the earthquake that struck Chile earlier this year. "And now a miracle."

___

Tim Huber contributed to this story from Chapmanville, W.Va., Gregory Katz from London. Associated Press Writers Paisley Dodds and Benjamin Timmins in London; Rod McGuirk in Sydney; Tini Tran in Beijing; Daniel Woolls in Madrid; Jake Coyle, Verena Dobnik and Claudia Torrens in New York; Michael Melia in San Juan, Puerto Rico; Greg Beacham in Los Angeles; and Christine Armario in Miami also contributed to this report.

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With rescue, miners' private lives come to light

By ANITA SNOW and MICHAEL WARREN, Associated Press Writers Anita Snow And Michael Warren, Associated Press Writers – Wed Oct 13, 8:20 pm ET

SAN JOSE MINE, Chile – One is a great-grandfather four times over, another a 19-year-old dad. A third — the oldest — is 63, and has spent a half-century working the mines. A fourth had a wife and a mistress, too.

The men who survived 69 days trapped underground after a mine collapse were making history Wednesday as they — and their private lives — tumbled out into the light.

___

THE MEDIC

Johnny Barrios Rojas' rescue was among the most anticipated — if only to see who would be there to greet him.

No. 21 of the men pulled from the collapsed mine, Barrios gained notoriety as the man who had two women at Camp Hope — his wife of 28 years, Marta Salinas, and his mistress of four, Susana Valenzuela.

Salinas apparently knew nothing of the affair until the two women ran into each other amid the tents pitched by family members anxiously holding vigil — and a very public spat ensued.

The 50-year-old Barrios looked around sheepishly Wednesday as he emerged from the rescue tube that elevated him to the Earth's surface, peering through dark glasses as mining officials in red shirts applauded loudly.

Behind him, smiling widely and waiting for him to notice her stood Valenzuela. When he didn't, the round-faced strawberry blonde walked around to face Barrios and gave him a long kiss and hug, weeping into the shoulder of his jumpsuit as he whispered into her ear.

Salinas was nowhere to be seen.

Weeks earlier, Barrios' wife had ripped down a poster of her husband put up by his mistress.

Defiant, the mistress taped the poster back up, and beneath several poems and prayers she had dedicated to him, she signed it, "Your Wife."

Dubbed "el enfermero" — the nurse — Barrios served as the miners' medic during the ordeal, dispensing medication sent in by health officials, passing out nicotine patches and photographing wounds.

He reportedly ended all his letters this way: "Get me out of this hole, dead or alive."

___

THE VETERAN

He had promised her if he got through this alive they would finally have their church wedding — after three decades, four daughters and seven grandchildren.

So when 63-year-old Mario Gomez emerged, grasped a Chilean flag and dropped to his knees to pray, Lilianett Ramirez was the one who pulled him up from the ground and held him in a long embrace.

The promise of a proper wedding came in the first letter Gomez had ever written his wife during their 30-year marriage. Scrawled on sheets of notebook paper, the letter was placed in a plastic bag and tied to the end of the drill bit that first broke through to their underground purgatory, along with another miner's message announcing: "We're all OK in the refuge, the 33."

Read on television by President Sebastian Pinera, Gomez's "Dear Lila" letter was filled with faith and determination, and showed the world the miners were holding strong.

"Even if we have to wait months to communicate ... I want to tell everyone that I'm good and we'll surely come out OK," Gomez wrote. "Patience and faith. God is great and the help of my God is going to make it possible to leave this mine alive."

A miner since he was 12 years old, Gomez is missing three fingers on his left hand from a mine accident. He suffers from silicosis, a lung disease common to miners. He made the ascent Wednesday wearing an oxygen mask, and was on antibiotics and medicine for a bronchial inflammation.

As the most experienced miner in the group, Gomez, using maps and diagrams, became "the GPS we needed down there," rescuers said.

After years spent mostly away from wife and family as he labored underground, relatives said there was a new appreciation for his wife.

"Feelings have changed. There's more love, in the sense that they're sharing things now, feelings that perhaps they never expressed before," said Julia Gordillo, 37. "Lily is content."

And there's a wedding to plan.

Gomez's nephew, Roberto Reyes, himself a miner, said his aunt and uncle may get the honeymoon they never had by accepting a Greek mining company's invitation to all those rescued and their spouses for an all-expenses-paid trip to Greece's islands, and by accepting other invitations to visit Germany, France and Spain.

____

THE ORGANIZER

Omar Reygadas became a great-grandfather — for the fourth time — while trapped underground.

The 56-year-old electrician had survived other mine collapses and was said to have exclaimed "Not again!" when he and the others were trapped by the Aug. 5 collapse.

Reygadas later helped organize life below the surface, calming others when they got nervous and helping them get what they needed from authorities outside.

"He is in charge of ensuring that we are well," one miner wrote to his wife.

___

THE YOUNGSTER

Jimmy Sanchez, the youngest at 19, proposed to his 17-year-old girlfriend while he was trapped below, though his father urged him to reconsider. The couple have a 4-month-old baby girl.

"You are just 19, and have so much life ahead of you, to enjoy, to know people," read the letter Eugenio Sanchez sent to his son. "It cannot be that because you are now closed up in the mine that you are going to throw away all your plans."

"It's fine that you want to be with Helencita and everything... but get married? Well, marriage is a really serious thing."

But girlfriend Helen Avalos said she was sure they would be wed.

"He has to keep his word," she said. But first, "We'll have an enormous party. I think we'll have almost 500 people."

___

THE EVANGELIST

Jose Henriquez turned to his Christian faith while he was underground, forming a prayer group that met several times a day, and asking to have 33 Bibles sent down the narrow supply passage.

Nevertheless, the 56-year-old father of twin daughters had one vice he hoped the time underground would cure.

Herniquez' wife Hettiz Berrios was said to be happy when her husband asked authorities to send him food rather than cigarettes. "He's trying to stop puffing. ... Hopefully he'll do it," she said.

___

THE FOOTBALLER

Former Chilean national soccer player Franklin Lobos has never seen a bigger victory.

Lobos briefly bounced a soccer ball on his foot and knee as he stepped from the capsule that carried him from the mine where he was trapped with 32 other men. Then he embraced relatives and President Pinera.

The 53-year-old is the only rescued man whose name was widely known in Chile before the disaster. He played for the Chilean team that qualified for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics.

He was the driver of a truck that takes miners to and from the mine. He was in the mine with the group he drives when the collapse occurred — leaving them alive but cut off from the outside world.

___

Snow reported from Mexico City.

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