发信人: nola1998 (cougar2012), 信区: LeisureTime
标 题: 【我希望】我希望长着翅膀飞翔
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Fri Jul 15 02:22:20 2016, 美东)
我希望长着翅膀飞翔， 翻译一首 Emily Dickinson 的有关希望的诗， 算是我希望的
“Hope” is the thing with feathers - (314)
BY EMILY DICKINSON
“Hope” is the thing with feathers -
That perches in the soul -
And sings the tune without the words -
And never stops - at all -
And sweetest - in the Gale - is heard -
And sore must be the storm -
That could abash the little Bird
That kept so many warm -
I’ve heard it in the chillest land -
And on the strangest Sea -
Yet - never - in Extremity,
It asked a crumb - of me.
Dickinson defines hope by comparing it to a bird (a metaphor) .
Hope is a "thing" because it is a feeling; the thing/feeling is like a bird.
Dickinson uses the standard dictionary format for a definition; first she
places the word in a general category ("thing"), and then she differentiates
it from everything else in that category. For instance, the definition of a
cat would run something like this: a cat is a mammal (the first part of the
definition places it in a category); the rest of the definition would be "
which is nocturnal, fur-bearing, hunts at night, has pointed ears, etc. (the
second part of the definition differentiates the cat from other all mammals
How would hope "perch," and why does it perch in the soul? As you read this
poem, keep in mind that the subject is hope and that the bird metaphor is
only defining hope. Whatever is being said of the bird applies to hope, and
the application to hope is Dickinson's point in this poem.
The bird "sings." Is this a good or a bad thing? The tune is "without words.
" Is hope a matter of words, or is it a feeling about the future, a feeling
which consists both of desire and expectation? Psychologically, is it true
that hope never fails us, that hope is always possible?
Why is hope "sweetest" during a storm? When do we most need hope, when
things are going well or when they are going badly?
Sore is being used in the sense of very great or severe; abash means to make
ashamed, embarrassed, or self-conscious. Essentially only the most extreme
or impossible-to-escape storm would affect the bird/hope. If the bird is "
abashed" what would happen to the individual's hope? In a storm, would being
"kept warm" be a plus or a minus, an advantage or a disadvantage?
What kind of place would "chillest" land be? Would you want to
vacation there, for instance? Yet in this coldest land, hope kept the
individual warm. Is keeping the speaker warm a desirable or an undesirable
act in these circumstances? Is "the strangest sea" a desirable or
undesirable place to be? Would you need hope there? The bird, faithful and
unabashed, follows and sings to the speaker ("I've heard it") under the
worst, the most threatening of circumstances.
The last two lines are introduced by "Yet." What kind of connection does "
yet" establish with the preceding ideas/stanzas? Does it lead you to expect
similarity, contrast, an example, an irrelevancy, a joke? Even in the most
critical circumstances the bird never asked for even a "crumb" in return for
its support. What are the associations with "crumb"? would you be satisfied
if your employer offered you "a crumb" in payment for your work? Also, is "
a crumb" appropriate for a bird?
※ 修改:·nola1998 於 Jul 15 10:31:22 2016 修改本文·[FROM: 73.]
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