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[版面:待字闺中][首篇作者:Ilikebeatles] , 2010年05月11日20:25:15 ,16672次阅读,60次回复
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Ilikebeatles
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发信人: Ilikebeatles (kaka), 信区: JobHunting
标  题: Google点面
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Tue May 11 20:25:15 2010, 美东)

问了1) 研究, 2) 多线程程序设计, 3) 任意无穷字符串流, 内存有限, 找出唯一一对
重复字符串, 这个我说了哈希表和外部排序, 但是面试人说有更好的办法(后来想也许
是bloom filter), 然后追问外部排序的细节到结束. 估计要挂 :(

总结: 面试既是技术活, 又是运气活.

无论如何, 把我的准备工作放下面, 攒点rp, 希望对大家有所帮助.

Interview Qs

Data Structures

   1. Integer
      - find number of 1s
      - next largest smaller
      - smallest larger number
      - determine if is palindrom
      - itoa, atoi
      - add 2 numbers w/o using + or arithmetic operators
      - implement *, -, / using only +
      - find max of two numbers w/o comparison
      - swap two numbers with +/-
      - swap two numbers with ^
      - given an integer, find the closest number that is palindrome
      - implement putlong() by putchar()
   2. Bit array
   3. Linked list
      - find cycle,
      - find position of cycle starts
      - reverse LL
      - delete a node in middle
      - each node contains a value pointer pointing to a node,
        duplicate LL.
      - remove duplicates from sorted/un-sorted LL.
      - find n-th to last node to end
      - number is represented by LL, add 2 numbers
   4. Array
      - Longest common substring (LCSubstr)
      - Longest common subsequence (LCS).
      - Longest increasing subsequence (LIS).
      - Longest palingdrome in string.
      - array, elements are +/-, find subsequence of max sum
      - circular array, elements are +/-, find subsequence of max sum
      - find all pairs of integers add up to a sum
      - find all pairs of integers add up to a sum,
        integers are +/- and sorted
      - find one missing number in N numbers in range [0, N]
      - find two missing number in N numbers in range [0, N].
      - binary search circular array
      - Given {a1, a2, a3, ..}, {b1, b2, b3, ...},
        get {a1, b1, a2, b2, ...}
      - Given 2 arrays A and B, A large enough to hold both,
        merge B into A.
   5. String
      - KMP, Rabin-Karp, Boyer Moore
      - reverse string
      - reverse words in string 
      - strcpy, strcmp, strstr, atoi, itoa, strdup
      - remove duplicate characters in O(1) space
      - Given dictionary, transform one word to another of same length.
      - Given large text, find min cover distance of n words.
      - find longest word made of other words
      - find first non-repeated char
      - remove specified char from a string
   6. Matrix
      - matrix elements are +/-, find submatrix of max sum
      - rotate a matrix by 90 degrees
      - each cell is black/white, find max subsquare with black border.
      - binary matrix, find largest square matrix with 1s
      - binary matrix, find largest rectangle matrix with 1s
   7. Stack
      - implement stack by queue.
      - augmented stack with O(1) push, pop, min
      - use single array to implement 3 stacks
      - sort a stack in ascending order using only
        push/pop/top/isEmpty/isFull
   8. Queue
      - implement queue by 2 stacks
   9. Priority Queue
  10. Heap
      - create heap on array
  11. Young Tableau
      - find element
      - get k-th element
  12. BST
      - pre/in/post-order traversal, recursive and iterative
      - pre/in/post-order traversal, recursive and iterative,
        with parent pointer
      - find height
      - determine IsBST
      - find "next" node of a given node in inorder sequence
      - find k-th inorder element
      - find range of elements
      - find diameter
      - find all path adding to a sum
      - Check if a tree is balanced
      - Convert sorted array into balanced BST
      - Find first common ancestor of two nodes in a BT or BST
      - Link each node to its right sibling
      - Print by level (BFS)
      - Print by level (BFS) in reverse order
      - Determine if 2 BSTs have the same structure
      - Create a mirror BT of a BT
      - Replicate a linked structure
  13. 2-3-4 Tree
  14. Red-Black Tree
  15. Splay Tree
  16. AVL Tree
  17. Trie
  18. Suffix Array
  19. Suffix Tree 
      - LCSubstr (longest common substring)
      - Longest repeated substring
      - longest palindrome
      - substring search
      - data compression
  20. B-Tree
  21. KD Tree
  22. Range Tree
  23. Hash Table
  24. Bloom filter
  25. Disjoint set
  26. Graph
      - DFS, BFS
      - find path existence between two nodes
      - Min vertice set covering all edges
      - shortest path
      - minimum spanning tree
      - min edge coverage by vertex

Sorting

   1. Bubble sort
   2. Insertion sort
   3. Selection sort
   4. Shell sort
   5. Heap sort
   6. Quick sort
   7. Merge sort
   8. N-way merge sort (external sort)
   9. Counting sort
  10. Bucket sort

Search

   1. Linear search
   2. Binary search
      - Binary search, iterative/recursive
      - find missing number is sorted array
      - search in circular sorted array
   3. Quick Select

Dynamic programming

   1. BST
   2. COV
   3. ILP
   4. KS
   5. LCS
   6. LSP
   7. MCM
   8. ODP
   9. SCP
  10. SPA
  11. SPC
  12. TSP
  13. Given array a[], when i < j, get max(a[i] - a[j]).
  14. levenshtein edit distance
  15. Coin Change problem.

Large-scale system

   1. Bloom filter
   2. Bit-array/bit-map
   3. Heap
   4. Hash table
      - d-left hashing
   5. Sub-division
   6. Database indexing
   7. Inverted index
   8. External sort
   9. Map-reduce

Discrete math, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Computation

   1. Permutation
      - 3 colors, how many ways to color a cube?
      - robot, ways to go to diagonal corner on NxN matrix?
      - print all combinations of valid n-pairs of parentheses
      - print all subsets of a set
   2. Combination
   3. Sampling
   4. Random number generator
      - What's a good random number generator?
      - Given random generator [1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
        generate random in [1..7].
   5. Reservoir sampling
   6. Find median in stream
   7. Card shuffling
   8. Primality testing
   9. Find prime numbers: naive, sieve of Eratosthenes, sieve of Atkin
  10. Randomized primality testing, what's good random generator
  11. Fibonacci sequence
  12. Factorial numbers
  13. Frobenous numbers
  14. Newton-Ralphson algorithm
  15. Bayes theorem

Computational algebra

   1. Convex-hull
   2. Closest pairs

Computational theory

   1. Automata theory
   2. DFA
   3. NFA
   4. Regular language
   5. Pumping lemma
   6. Turing machine
   7. NP-completeness
         1. TSP
         2. Vertex-cover problem
         3. Set-covering problem.
         4. Subset-sum problem.

OS

   1. Process and thread
   2. Semaphore, mutex, monitor
   3. Function call/call frame
   4. Context switch
   5. Multi-threading
   6. Multi-process
   7. Thread safety
   8. Big/Little-endian
   9. Heap/stack
  10. Malloc/free
  11. Virtual memory, page fault, thrashing
  12. DMA (Direct Memory Access)

Networking

   1. 7-layer OSI model
   2. 4-layer TCP/UDP model
   3. TCP/UDP
   4. TCP 3-way handshake (ACK machanism),
      flow control, congestion control
   5. Things happen after entering url
   6. Routing protocols: BGP, OSPF, RIP
   7. Subnet mask, packet routing on same/different network.
   8. Performance

Database

   1. Normalization
   2. External sorting
   3. B-tree, B+-tree.
   4. Relational algebra

Compiler

   1. LL, SLR, LALR, LR, GLR
   2. recursive precedence
   3. Operator precedence
   4. Postfix evaluation of arithmetic expression
      - implement a calculator

C/C++/Java

   1. const char *, char * const, const char * const
   2. static
   3. volatile
   4. explicit
   5. Object/class
   6. Inheritance
   7. Encapsulation
   8. Polymorphism
   9. operator overloading
  10. Composition/inheritance
  11. Interface, abstract class
  12. Struct/class
  13. 4 default methods of a C++ struct/class
  14. deep copy/shallow copy
  15. C++ name hiding
  16. C++ smart pointer
  17. friend function/class
  18. Multiple inheritance
  19. Virtual inheritance
  20. Constructor
  21. Copy/assignment constructor
  22. Virtual destructor
  23. Virtual function, vtable
  24. Pure virtual function
  25. Macro, typedef, inline
  26. C, C++, Java comparison
  27. Garbage collection
  28. Dangling pointer, free null pointer, memory leak
  29. New/Delete
  30. Malloc/free/realloc/calloc
  31. Lock
  32. Dead lock's four conditions
  33. #pragma directive
  34. Exception handling
  35. try/catch/finally
  36. final, finally, finalize
  37. Java object reflection
  38. C++ templates, java generics
  39. Effect of keeping constructor private
  40. Pass by Value, reference, pointer
  41. Reference v.s. pointer
  42. In-memory file system data structures and algorithms?
  43. Implement singleton
  44. Implement singleton w/o static/global variable
  45. Thread programming possible problems
  46. sizeof operator.
  47. Java: vector v.s. ArrayList
  48. int (a*)[10]
  49. Implement a lock.
  50. Implement a buffer for DataOutputStream.
  51. awk, tr, uniq, grep

Other problems

   1. 2 eggs, 100 floors, find floor that breaks egg
      minimizing number of drops.
   2. 5 quart jug and 3 quart jug, measure 4 quarts of water.
   3. 100 lockers, open every other i-th locker (i = 1, 2, ..., 100).
      Final open?
   4. Men on island, can see hat on others only. N men, C hats,
      days to remove?
   5. 8/12 balls, find the one lighter/heavier
   6. 8/12 balls, find one weighs different
   7. 2 fuses each burns in 1 hour, measure 45 minutes
   8. Bridge crossing, 1, 2, 5, 10. Minual number to pass bridge
   9. Orange, apple, orange and apple, all labeled wrong. Find out.
  10. 3 light switches, only one can be on at a time. Find it out.
  11. Find the biggest, 2 biggest, biggest & smallest
  12. n*m*k cube, how many are on the surface?
  13. Test a pen, ATM machine, webpage, vending machine, program crash?
  14. Given phone #, print all word representations on phone pad.
  15. Find overlap of rectangles
  16. Find median of two sorted arrays.
  17. N computers each hold N numbers. Find median of these N*N numbers.
  18. Recontruct a BT from pre/in/post-order traversal
  19. Recontruct a BST from pre/in/post-order traversal
  20. Find longest prefix common to all strings
  21. Implement LRU cache system, O(1) find and update
  22. Shifted sorted array, rotate.
  23. Histogram, find max internal rectangle.
  24. Tournament problem
  25. N people, 1 celebrity, find celebrity in O(n) time.
  26. 4 jars, 1 polluted so pills weigh +1, find out which jar
  27. 25 horses, 5 horses maximal each match. Find the fastest 3
  28. Mirror, why left/right reversed, not up/down?
  29. How is next_permutation() in STL implemented?
  30. N line segments on number axis, calculate common coverage
  31. wild card match on patterns * (0-n) and ? (1).
  32. Find number of trailing zeros in n!
  33. Print square matrix in a spiral inwardly.
  34. Find one's phone number given resume only
  35. N stairs, each time can go up 1 or 2. How many ways to go up?
  36. Find majority element in an array.
  37. Two cubes as a calendar
  38. Coin change problem
  39. Josephus Circle, last survivor?
  40. Pick marbles, strategy to win?
  41. Get sequence 1, 11, 21, 1211, ...
  42. C program that prints itself
  43. Print week given date
  44. enter code, allow one miss
  45. Check equality of two number sets

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pulpfree
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发信人: pulpfree (pulpfree), 信区: JobHunting
标  题: Re: Google点面
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Tue Feb 24 00:39:22 2015, 美东)

mark
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maxthon
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发信人: maxthon (JobHunting), 信区: JobHunting
标  题: Re: Google点面
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Tue Feb 24 09:32:28 2015, 美东)

要是我遇到这种题,就在硬盘上建trie,看谁狠。

【 在 Ilikebeatles (kaka) 的大作中提到: 】
: 问了1) 研究, 2) 多线程程序设计, 3) 任意无穷字符串流, 内存有限, 找出唯一一对
: 重复字符串, 这个我说了哈希表和外部排序, 但是面试人说有更好的办法(后来想也许
: 是bloom filter), 然后追问外部排序的细节到结束. 估计要挂 :(
: 总结: 面试既是技术活, 又是运气活.
: 无论如何, 把我的准备工作放下面, 攒点rp, 希望对大家有所帮助.
: Interview Qs
: Data Structures
:    1. Integer
:       - find number of 1s
:       - next largest smaller
: ...................



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dylanoo
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发信人: dylanoo (俺老虎壹), 信区: JobHunting
标  题: Re: Google点面
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Tue Feb 24 12:39:00 2015, 美东)

mark
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