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文章阅读:排华法案与种族主义简史
[同主题阅读] [版面: 美国新闻] [作者:kansan00] , 2017年07月19日15:05:20
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发信人: kansan00 (Sky  is  your  limit.  Dream  big.), 信区: USANews
标  题: 排华法案与种族主义简史
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Wed Jul 19 15:05:20 2017, 美东)

0、排华法案:参院和党大部分反对,民猪党无一票反对

参院投票记录
共和党9人支持,15人反对,14人未投票
民主党22人支持,无人反对,15人未投票。http://www.govtrack.us/congress/votes/47-1/s370

1. The Republican Party was founded primarily to oppose slavery, and
Republicans eventually abolished slavery. The Democratic Party fought them
and tried to maintain and expand slavery. The 13th Amendment, abolishing
slavery, passed in 1865 with 100% Republican support but only 23% Democrat
support in congress.
和党为反奴隶制而成立。废奴的宪法第13修正案100%共和党、23%的民主党支持

2. During the Civil War era, the "Radical Republicans" were given that name
because they wanted to not only end slavery but also to endow the freed
slaves with full citizenship, equality, and rights.

“极端共和党”是指内战中有些共和党不仅要求废除奴隶制度,而且要给奴隶完全的公
民身份、平等和所有权利

3. Lincoln's Vice President, Andrew Johnson, was a strongly pro-Union (but
also pro-slavery) Democrat who had been chosen by Lincoln as a compromise
running mate to attract Democrats. After Lincoln was assassinated, Johnson
thwarted Republican efforts in Congress to recognize the civil rights of the
freed slaves, and Southern Democrats continued to thwart any such efforts
for close to a century.

民主党人约翰逊总统及南方民主党在林肯死后阻止奴隶得到自由

4. The 14th Amendment, giving full citizenship to freed slaves, passed in
1868 with 94% Republican support and 0% Democrat support in congress. The
15th Amendment, giving freed slaves the right to vote, passed in 1870 with
100% Republican support and 0% Democrat support in congress.
宪法第14修正案(自由奴隶的公民权),共和党94%, 民主党0% 通过

宪法第15修正案(自由奴隶的选举权),共和党100%, 民主党0% 通过

5. The Ku Klux Klan was originally and primarily an arm of the Southern
Democratic Party. Its mission was to terrorize freed slaves and "ni**er
loving" (their words) Republicans who sympathized with them.

KKK党隶属南方民主党,为威胁参与废奴的共和党人而成立

6. In the 1950s, President Eisenhower, a Republican, integrated the US
military and promoted civil rights for minorities. Eisenhower pushed through
the Civil Rights Act of 1957. One of Eisenhower's primary political
opponents on civil rights prior to 1957 was none other than Lyndon Johnson,
then the Democratic Senate Majority Leader. LBJ had voted the straight
segregationist line until he changed his position and supported the 1957 Act.

1950年代共和党人艾森豪威尔总统开启支持民权运动先河。后来的民主党人约翰逊
总统支持种族隔离

7. The historic Civil Rights Act of 1964 was supported by a higher
percentage of Republicans than Democrats in both houses of Congress. In the
House, 80 percent of the Republicans and 63 percent of the Democrats voted
in favor. In the Senate, 82 percent of the Republicans and 69 percent of the
Democrats voted for it.

1964年的民权法案,参院 80% 共和党、众院82%共和党支持。民主党分别只有 63%、69
%支持。

8. Contrary to popular misconception, the parties never "switched" on racism
. The Democrats just switched from overt racism to a subversive strategy of
getting blacks as dependent as possible on government to secure their votes.
At the same time, they began a cynical smear campaign to label anyone who
opposes their devious strategy as greedy racists.

两党历史上对种族主义的立场未变,但60年代以来民主党摇身一变,开始50年将共和党
抹黑为种族主义的运动





--
※ 修改:·kansan00 於 May 30 20:17:58 2018 修改本文·[FROM: 96.]
※ 来源:·Android 未名空间站 网址:mitbbs.com 移动:在应用商店搜索未名空间·[FROM: 107.]

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