发信人: kansan00 (Sky is your limit. Dream big.), 信区: USANews
标 题: 排华法案与种族主义简史
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Wed Jul 19 15:05:20 2017, 美东)
1. The Republican Party was founded primarily to oppose slavery, and
Republicans eventually abolished slavery. The Democratic Party fought them
and tried to maintain and expand slavery. The 13th Amendment, abolishing
slavery, passed in 1865 with 100% Republican support but only 23% Democrat
support in congress.
2. During the Civil War era, the "Radical Republicans" were given that name
because they wanted to not only end slavery but also to endow the freed
slaves with full citizenship, equality, and rights.
3. Lincoln's Vice President, Andrew Johnson, was a strongly pro-Union (but
also pro-slavery) Democrat who had been chosen by Lincoln as a compromise
running mate to attract Democrats. After Lincoln was assassinated, Johnson
thwarted Republican efforts in Congress to recognize the civil rights of the
freed slaves, and Southern Democrats continued to thwart any such efforts
for close to a century.
4. The 14th Amendment, giving full citizenship to freed slaves, passed in
1868 with 94% Republican support and 0% Democrat support in congress. The
15th Amendment, giving freed slaves the right to vote, passed in 1870 with
100% Republican support and 0% Democrat support in congress.
宪法第14修正案（自由奴隶的公民权），共和党94%, 民主党0% 通过
宪法第15修正案（自由奴隶的选举权），共和党100%, 民主党0% 通过
5. The Ku Klux Klan was originally and primarily an arm of the Southern
Democratic Party. Its mission was to terrorize freed slaves and "ni**er
loving" (their words) Republicans who sympathized with them.
6. In the 1950s, President Eisenhower, a Republican, integrated the US
military and promoted civil rights for minorities. Eisenhower pushed through
the Civil Rights Act of 1957. One of Eisenhower's primary political
opponents on civil rights prior to 1957 was none other than Lyndon Johnson,
then the Democratic Senate Majority Leader. LBJ had voted the straight
segregationist line until he changed his position and supported the 1957 Act.
7. The historic Civil Rights Act of 1964 was supported by a higher
percentage of Republicans than Democrats in both houses of Congress. In the
House, 80 percent of the Republicans and 63 percent of the Democrats voted
in favor. In the Senate, 82 percent of the Republicans and 69 percent of the
Democrats voted for it.
1964年的民权法案，参院 80% 共和党、众院82%共和党支持。民主党分别只有 63%、69
8. Contrary to popular misconception, the parties never "switched" on racism
. The Democrats just switched from overt racism to a subversive strategy of
getting blacks as dependent as possible on government to secure their votes.
At the same time, they began a cynical smear campaign to label anyone who
opposes their devious strategy as greedy racists.
※ 修改:·kansan00 於 May 30 20:17:58 2018 修改本文·[FROM: 96.]
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